Kapitänleutnant (Crew 35)
6 ships sunk, total tonnage 29,905 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 7,176 GRT
|Born||3 Oct 1916||Bad Oeynhausen|
|Died||7 Aug 1943||(26)||Central North Atlantic|
|U-84||29 Apr 1941||7 Aug 1943 (+)||8 patrols (461 days)|
Horst Uphoff joined the Kriegsmarine in 1935. He was a Divisional Officer and Watch Officer on the U-boat depot ship Donau Oct 1938 - Oct 1939. He then joined the U-boat force, and on finishing training in March 1940 was assigned as 1st Watch Officer (I WO) to U-46 (Kplt. Herbert Sohler).
On 22 May 1940 U-46 got a new commander, Oblt. Engelbert Endrass of Scapa Flow fame. Uphoff served as I WO with Endrass on four war patrols, 85 days at sea. During these patrols U-46 sank or destroyed 17 ships totalling over 90,000 tons and damaged two of almost 15,000 tons.
Uphoff left U-46 in Jan 1941 for U-boat Commander training with the 24th Flotilla, and in March 1941 began U-boat construction familiarization (Baubelehrung) for the new Type VIIB U-84 being built at Lübeck.
Oblt. Uphoff commissioned her on 29 April 1941. He spent the summer in the Baltic getting the boat and crew ready for combat and finally sailed on his first patrol from Bergen, Norway on 9 Aug 1941.
Uphoff took U-84 on eight war patrols over the next 18 months, spending 461 days at sea. During this time he sank six ships (29,905 tons) and damaged one (7,176 tons).
Kptlt. Horst Uphoff died on 7 Aug, 1943 when his boat was sunk in the North Atlantic in position 27.55N, 68.03W by a Mk 24 homing torpedo from an American Liberator (VB-105/B-4 USN). 46 dead (all hands lost) (Niestlé, 2002).
Patrol info for Horst Uphoff
|1.||U-84||7 Jul 1941||Kiel||15 Jul 1941||Bergen||9 days|
|2.||U-84||9 Aug 1941||Bergen||22 Sep 1941||Lorient||Patrol 1,||45 days|
|3.||U-84||16 Oct 1941||Lorient||18 Nov 1941||Brest||Patrol 2,||34 days|
|4.||U-84||21 Dec 1941||Brest||7 Feb 1942||Brest||Patrol 3,||49 days|
|5.||U-84||16 Mar 1942||Brest||16 May 1942||Brest||Patrol 4,||62 days|
|6.||U-84||10 Jun 1942||Brest||13 Aug 1942||Brest||Patrol 5,||65 days|
|7.||U-84||29 Sep 1942||Brest||7 Dec 1942||Brest||Patrol 6,||70 days|
|8.||U-84||17 Feb 1943||Brest||4 May 1943||Brest||Patrol 7,||77 days|
|9.||U-84||10 Jun 1943||Brest||7 Aug 1943||Sunk||Patrol 8,||59 days|
|8 patrols, 461 days at sea|
Ships hit by Horst Uphoff
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|8 Apr 1942||U-84||Nemanja||5,226||yu|
|21 Apr 1942||U-84||Chenango||3,014||pa|
|23 Jun 1942||U-84||Torvanger||6,568||nw||HX-194|
|13 Jul 1942||U-84||Andrew Jackson||5,990||am|
|19 Jul 1942||U-84||Baja California||1,648||ho|
|21 Jul 1942||U-84||William Cullen Bryant (d.)||7,176||am||TAW-4J|
|2 Nov 1942||U-84||Empire Sunrise||7,459||br||SC-107|
6 ships sunk (29,905 tons) and 1 ship damaged (7,176 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.