Geoffrey Alan Brooke Hawkins DSC, RN

Born  13 Jul 1895
Died  5 Oct 1980(85)


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Ranks

15 Jan 1913 Mid.
15 May 1915 A/S.Lt.
15 Jan 1916 S.Lt.
15 Jul 1917 Lt.
15 Jul 1925 Lt.Cdr.
31 Dec 1930 Cdr.
31 Dec 1937 Capt.
15 Aug 1950 Vice-Admiral
22 Oct 1953 Admiral (Retired)

Retired: 4 Dec 1952


Decorations

24 Mar 1919 DSC
29 Jul 1925 MVO
30 Jan 1945 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
1 Jan 1949 CB
5 Jun 1952 KBE

Warship Commands listed for Geoffrey Alan Brooke Hawkins, RN


ShipRankTypeFromTo
HMS Queen of Bermuda (F 73)Capt.Armed Merchant Cruiser6 Dec 193923 Apr 1941
HMS Kent (54)Capt.Heavy cruiser10 Jul 194322 Dec 1944

Career information

We currently have no career / biographical information on this officer.

Events related to this officer

Heavy cruiser HMS Kent (54)


5 Aug 1943

Convoy TA 58.

This convoy was only made up of one ship, the troopship Queen Mary (British, 81235 GRT, built 1936) which departed the Clyde on 5 August.

On board the Queen Mary was Prime Minister Churchill, Chiefs of Staff and their entourage which were en-route to the Quebec conference.

Close (A/S) escort for the convoy was provided by the destroyers HMS Matchless (Lt.Cdr. J. Mowlam, DSO, RN) and HMS Scorpion (Lt.Cdr. W.S. Clouston, RN) which had departed Londonderry on 5 August. They returned to the Clyde on 8 August.

Two destroyers had already left Londonderry on the 4th, these were HMS Saumarez (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Walmsley, DSC, RN) and HMS Scourge (Lt.Cdr. G.I.M. Balfour, RN). These probably first proceeded westwards at economical speed and later took over from HMS Matchless and HMS Scorpion. They arrived at Argentia, Newfoundland on 9 August.

Cover for this convoy was provided by the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious (Capt. R.L.B. Cunliffe, RN) which was escorted by HMS Opportune (Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Obedient (Lt.Cdr. H. Unwin, DSC and Bar, RN) and HMS Obdurate (Lt.Cdr. C.E.L. Sclater, DSO and Bar, RN). They departed the Clyde around 1230B/5 and returned there around 1000B/8.

During daylight on the 6th, the light cruiser HMS Belfast (Capt. F.R. Parham, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral R.L. Burnett, CB, DSO, OBE, RN) provided cover for the convoy. She had departed Scapa Flow around 0300B/5 and returned there around 0630B/8.

Close escort for the convoy was provided by the light cruiser HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) which had departed Scapa Flow around 0500B/5 and joined the troopship around 2200B/5. She remained with the troopship until around 0930B/7 when course was set to return to Scapa Flow where she arrived around 1600B/9.

The heavy cruiser HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) sailed from Hvalfjord around 0130Z/5. She first sighted the Queen Mary with HMS Bermuda in company around 1930Z/6. She remained with or near the Queen Mary until 0815Z/8 when she parted company to proceed to Argentia, Newfoundland where she arrived around 1000N/9.

The light cruiser HMS Glasgow (Capt. E.M. Evans-Lombe, RN) joined HMS Kent around 0650Z/7. She parted company around 2145Z/7. HMS Glasgow had departed Plymouth around 1545B/4 and returned there around 1830B/10.

Shortly before HMS Kent parted company with the Queen Mary the heavy cruiser USS Tuscaloosa (Capt. J.B.W. Waller, USN) and the destroyers USS Isherwood (T/Cdr. R.E. Gadrow, USN), Luce (T/Cdr. D.C. Varian, USN), USS Bell (T/Cdr. L.C. Petross, USN) and Hale (T/Cdr. K.F. Poehlmann, USN) joined coming from Charleston, South Carolina which they had departed on the 4th together with the aircraft carrier USS Ranger (Capt. G. Rowe, USN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral O.M. Hustvedt, USN) and the destroyers USS Forrest (T/Cdr. K.P. Letts, USN), USS Corry (T/Cdr. L.B. Ensey, USN) and USS Hobson (T/Lt.Cdr. K. Loveland, USN) which were also in the area providing air cover with the aircraft of USS Ranger.

The convoy arrived at Halifax on the 9th.

10 Aug 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) departed Argentia for Hvalfjord. (1)

13 Aug 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at Hvalfjord from Argentia. (1)

17 Aug 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) and HMS Norfolk (Capt. D.K. Bain, RN) conducted exercises off Hvalfjord.

HMS Norfolk had just returned from covering a minelay by the 1st Minelaying Squadron. (2)

26 Aug 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) departed Hvalfjord for Argentia, Newfoundland. (1)

29 Aug 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at Argentia from Hvalfjord. (1)

31 Aug 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) departed Argentia for Halifax. (1)

1 Sep 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at Halifax from Argentia. (3)

19 Sep 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow. (3)

20 Sep 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) departed Scapa Flow for the Chatham Dockyard. (3)

21 Sep 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at the Chatham Dockyard from Scapa Flow. At Chatham she is to be docked and undergo repairs and some modifactions to her radar outfit. (3)

22 Sep 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) is docked in No.9 Dock at the Chatham Dockyard. (4)

5 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) is undocked at the Chatham Dockyard. She then proceeded to Sheerness. (5)

7 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow from Sheerness. (6)

13 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) conducted gunnery exercises at Scapa Flow. (5)

14 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) conducted D/G and speed trials at Scapa Flow. (5)

20 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 20/21 October 1943, HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN), HMS Birmingham (Capt. H.W. Williams, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (7)

28 Oct 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Belfast (Capt. F.R. Parham, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral R.L. Burnett, CB, DSO, OBE, RN) and HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (8)

2 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The light cruiser HMS Belfast (Capt. F.R. Parham, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral R.L. Burnett, CB, DSO, OBE, RN) and the heavy cruisers HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) and HMS Norfolk (Capt. D.K. Bain, RN) departed Seidisfjord to provide close cover for convoy convoy RA 54A.

[For more info see the event ' Operation FS, passage of convoy RA 54A ' for 1 November 1943.] (9)

8 Nov 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN) and HMS Norfolk (Capt. D.K. Bain, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow from operations. (10)

11 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
At Scapa Flow, at 0900A/11, Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN, hoisted his flag in HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN). (11)

14 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) proceeded from Scapa Flow to Loch Ewe for the convoy conference for the upcoming convoy JW 54A. (11)

15 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) proceeded from Loch Ewe to Scapa Flow. (11)

17 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The heavy cruiser HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) and the light cruisers HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Seidisfjord. (12)

18 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The heavy cruiser HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) and the light cruisers HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) arrived at Seidisfjord from Scapa Flow. (12)

19 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The heavy cruiser HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) and the light cruisers HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) departed Seidisfjord to provide cover for convoy JW 54A between 15°00'E and 41°00'E.

[For more info on this convoy see the event ' Operation FT, passage of convoys JW 54A and JW 54B from the U.K. to Northern Russia as well as convoy RA 54B from Northern Russia to the U.K. ' for 15 November 1943.] (12)

24 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN), HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) arrived in the Kola Inlet from operations. (12)

27 Nov 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The heavy cruiser HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) and the light cruisers HMS Bermuda (Capt. T.H. Back, RN) and HMS Jamaica (Capt. J.L. Storey, DSO, RN) departed the Kola Inlet to provide cover for convoys JW 54B between 15°00'E and 41°00'E and RA 54B between 41°00'E and 05°00'E.

[For more info on these convoys see the event ' Operation FT, passage of convoys JW 54A and JW 54B from the U.K. to Northern Russia as well as convoy RA 54B from Northern Russia to the U.K. ' for 15 November 1943.] (12)

4 Dec 1943
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow from operations. (13)

10 Dec 1943 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 10/11 December 1943, the aircraft carrier HMS Furious (Capt. G.T. Philip, DSO, DSC, RN), heavy cruisers HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN), HMS Berwick (Capt. H.J. Egerton, RN) and light cruiser HMS Enterprise (Capt. H.T.W. Grant, RCN) conducted exercises off the Shetland Islands. During these exercises HMS Furious was escorted by the destroyers HMCS Iroquois (Cdr. J.C. Hibbard DSC, RCN), HMS Impulsive (Lt.Cdr. P. Bekenn, RN) and HMS Orwell (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Hodges, DSO, RN). (14)

4 Jan 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (15)

11 Jan 1944
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) proceeded from Scapa Flow to Loch Ewe for the convoy conference for the upcoming convoy JW 56A. (16)

12 Jan 1944

Operation FW, passage of convoys JW 56A and JW 56B from the U.K. to Northern Russia as well as convoy RA 56 from Northern Russia to the U.K.

Convoy JW 56A

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This convoy departed Loch Ewe on 12 January 1944 for Northern Russia.

It was made up of the following merchant vessels; Aert van der Neer (Dutch, 7170 GRT, built 1942), Andrew G. Curtin (American, 7200 GRT, built 1943), Charles Bulfinch (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Charles Scribner (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Edwin L. Drake (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Empire Ploughman (British, 7049 GRT, built 1943), Fort Bellingham (British, 7153 GRT, built 1942), Fort Slave (British, 7134 GRT, built 1942), Jefferson Davis (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), John A. Quitman (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Joseph N. Nicollet (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Nathaniel Alexander (American, 7177 GRT, built 1942), Noreg (Norwegian (tanker), 7605 GRT, built 1931), Penelope Barker (American, 7177 GRT, built 1942), Richard H. Alvey (American, 7191 GRT, built 1942), San Adolfo (British (tanker), 7365 GRT, built 1935), San Cirilo (British (tanker), 8012 GRT, built 1937), Thorstein Veblen (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), William Tyler Page (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943) and Woodbridge N. Ferris (American, 7200 GRT, built 1943).

On departure from Loch Ewe the convoy was escorted by the destroyer Inconstant, sloop Cygnet, corvettes Borage, Dianella, Poppy, Wallflower and the minesweepers Orestes and Ready.

On 15 January 1944, HMS Cygnet was detached to Skaalefjord, Faeroer Islands with a defective propeller. She arrived at Skaalefjord the following day.

Also on the 15th, the convoy got badly scattered in a heavy gale.

On 16 January 1944, the destroyers Savage and Stord joined the convoy from Seidisfjord which they had departed earlier the same day.

Also on the 16th, the merchant vessels Charles Bulfinch, Jefferson Davis, John A. Quitman, Joseph N. Nicollet and Nathaniel Alexander turned back to Loch Ewe.

Also on the 16th the destroyers Hardy, Venus, Vigilant, Virago, Offa and Obdurate left Seidisfiord to join the convoy.

On the 17th, HMS Savage returned to Seidisfjord to fuel, sailing A.M. to rejoin the convoy.

Later on the 17th, HMS Inconstant also returned to Seidisfjord to fuel, sailing P.M. to rejoin the convoy.

Also on the 17th, all merchant ships and were escorts ordered to proceed to Akureyri to reassemble the convoy and await better weather. HMS Hardy, HMS Venus, HMS Vigilant, HMS Virago, HMS Offa and HMS Obdurate returned to Seidisfiord to fuel as did the corvettes HMS Dianella and HMS Poppy arrived Seidisfiord to fuel.

On the 18th, HMS Hardy, HMS Venus, HMS Vigilant, HMS Virago, HMS Offa and HMS Obdurate departed Seidisfjord for Akureyri as did HMS Dianella and HMS Poppy.

Also on the 18th HMS Savage, HNoMS Stord and HMS Inconstant arrived at Akureyri, possible ahead of the convoy. The convoy also arrived at Akureyi escorted by HMS Borage, HMS Wallflower, HMS Orestes and HMS Ready.

On 21 January 1944, the convoy (now made up of 15 ships) and escorted by HMS Hardy, HMS Venus, HMS Vigilant, HMS Virago, HMS Savage, HNoMS Stord, HMS Offa and HMS Obdurate, HMS Inconstant, HMS Dianella, HMS Poppy, HMS Orestes and HMS Ready left Akureyri to continue it's passage to Northern Russia.

On 22 January 1944, HMS Orestes and HMS Ready parted company with the convoy for Skaalefjord where they arrived the following day.

On 25 January 1944, German submarines made contact with the convoy. Several attacks of which most were made with T-5 homing torpedoes on the escort vessels. The following German submarines made contact with the convoy U-278, U-314, U-360, U-425, U-601, U-716, U-737 and U-957. The results of these attacks were that first, HMS Obdurate was damaged when a T-5 torpedo, fired by U-360 exploded in her wake, one shaft was out of action. She was however to remain with the convoy. Later, on her return to England for repairs it was found out that damage was more severe then initially thought and she was out of action for more then a year. Later in the evening the merchant vessel Penelope Barker was torpedoed and sunk by U-278, HMS Savage picked up 56 surivors.

On 26 January, shortly after midnight, the merchant vessels Fort Bellingham was torpedoed and damaged by U-360 and shortly afterwards the Andrew G. Curtin was torpedoed and sunk by U-716, 68 survivors were picked up by HMS Inconstant. The damaged Fort Bellingham fell behind the convoy and was later finished off by U-957. The survivors were picked up by HMS Offa.

Also on 26 January 1944, a local escort made up of the Russian destroyers Gremyashchiy, Gromkiy, Razyarenniy, British minesweepers HMS Gleaner (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Speedwell (Lt.Cdr. T.E. Williams, RD, RNR) and the Russian minesweepers T-111, T-114 and T-117 departed the Kola Inlet to join the convoy.

On the 27th, the local escort joined the convoy and took over the White Sea section of 9 ships which was to proceed to Archangelsk where they arrived on the 29th.

The Murmansk section of 3 ships with the original escort arrived in the Kola Inlet on the 27th.

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Convoy JW 56B

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This convoy departed Loch Ewe on 22 January 1944 for Northern Russia.

It was made up of the following merchant vessels; Abner Nash (American, 7177 GRT, built 1942), Albert C. Ritchie (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Charles A. McAllister (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Edward L. Grant (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Empire Tourist (British, 7062 GRT, built 1943), Fort Crevecoeur (British, 7191 GRT, built 1943), Fort Norfolk (British, 7131 GRT, built 1943), Henry Bacon (American, 7177 GRT, built 1942), Henry Lomb (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Henry Wynkoop (American, 7176 GRT, built 1942), John H.B. Latrobe (American, 7191 GRT, built 1942), John La Farge (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Paul Hamilton Hayne (American, 7177 GRT, built 1942), Robert Lowry (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Samuel McIntyre (American, 7176 GRT, built 1943), Willard Hall (American, 7200 GRT, built 1943) and Winfred L. Smith (American, 7191 GRT, built 1943).

On departure from Loch Ewe the convoy was escorted by the destroyers Westcott, Whitehall, Wrestler, sloop Cygnet, corvettes Honeysuckle, Oxlip, Rhododendron, and the minesweepers Hydra and Onyx.

Shortly after departure the merchant vessel Henry Lomb returned to Loch Ewe.

On the 24th, the destroyers Mahratta and Scourge departed Seidisfjord to join the convoy.

On the 25th, HMS Westcott and HMS Whitehall were detached and arrived at Seidisfiord to fuel. Also HMS Mahratta and HMS Scourge returned to Seidisfiord.

On the 26th, HMS Rhododendron was detached from the convoy and arrived at Seidisfiord. She was not to rejoin the convoy.

Having completed fuelling HMS Westcott and HMS Whitehall departed from Seidisfiord and rejoined the convoy.

The destroyers Milne, Mahratta, Musketeer, Opportune, Scourge and Huron departed Seidisfiord and joined the convoy.

HMS Wrestler and HMS Onyx were detached and proceeded to Seidisfiord. They arrived there on the 27th.

HMS Honeysuckle was detached from the convoy to the Clyde

HMS Hydra was detached from convoy to Scapa Flow.

Also on the 26th, the convoy sighted and reported by enemy aircraft.

On the 27th, the destroyer HMS Meteor departed Skaalefjord. She joined the convoy on the 28th.

On the 28th, the destroyers HMS Hardy, HMS Venus, HMS Vigilant, HMS Virago, HMS Savage, HNoMS Stord and HMS Offa departed the Kola Inlet to the convoy. They joined the convoy on the 29th.

On the 29th, German U-boats were in contact with the convoy. These were U-472, U-636 and U-956. Of these U-636 was depth charged by HMS Inconstant and HMS Offa, they claimed to have possibly destroyer a U-boat but in fact U-636 was not damaged. U-956 twice attacked escort vessels with a T-5 homing torpedo but both did not hit a target. She was twice taken under fire, first by HMS Mahratta and HMS Whitehall and later by HMS Inconstant. She was also depth charged by HMS Inconstant and HMS Offa.

On 30 January 1944, U-Boats continued to attack the convoy. HMS Hardy was heavily damaged by U-278 with a T-5 Gnat acoustic torpedo. This hit was also claimed by U-957 and U-472 which had also fired T-5 torpedoes aroud the same time. U-472 in fact missed HNoMS Stord. HMS Hardy could not be salvaged and she was scuttled with a torpedo from HMS Venus. The detonation of the torpedo was heard by U-601 which had fired a T-5 torpedo around this time and thought her torpedo had hit one of the escorts. (17)

13 Jan 1944
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) proceeded from Loch Ewe to Scapa Flow. (16)

18 Jan 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Akureyri. (16)

19 Jan 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Kent (Capt. G.A.B. Hawkins, DSC, MVO, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN) arrived at Akureyri from Scapa Flow. (16)

12 Nov 1944 (position 58.20, 6.00)
HMS Kent (Flying the Flag of Adm. R.R. McGrigor, CB, DSO, RN) in company of light cruiser HMS Bellona, the destroyers HMS Myngs, HMS Zambesi, HMS Verulam and HMCS Algonquin, raided shipping south-east of Egersund, Norway.
At position 58°20'N, 06°00'E, the TF fell in with a German convoy, 4 freighters escorted by M 416, M 427, UJ 1221, UJ 1223, UJ 1713 and one more, unidentified auxiliary submarine chaser. Opening fire at 2300 hrs, the cruisers and destroyers sank 2 of the freighters and all the escorts above except the unidentified one.

Sources

  1. ADM 53/117696 + ADM 199/766
  2. ADM 53/117696 + ADM 53/118303
  3. ADM 53/117697 + ADM 199/766
  4. ADM 53/117697
  5. ADM 53/117698
  6. ADM 53/117698 + ADM 199/766
  7. ADM 53/117056 + ADM 53/117683 + ADM 53/117698
  8. ADM 53/117018 + ADM 53/117698
  9. ADM 53/117019 + ADM 53/117699 + ADM 53/118306 + ADM 199/632 + ADM 199/766
  10. ADM 53/117699 + ADM 53/118306 + ADM 199/632 + ADM 199/766
  11. ADM 53/117699 + ADM 199/766
  12. ADM 53/117032 + ADM 53/117684 + ADM 53/117699 +ADM 199/632 + ADM 199/766
  13. ADM 53/117700 + ADM 199/632 + ADM 199/766
  14. ADM 53/117046 + ADM 53/117474 + ADM 53/117560 + ADM 53/117700 + ADM 199/766
  15. ADM 53/119680
  16. ADM 53/119680 + ADM 199/1427
  17. ADM 199/1427

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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