|Completed||1936 - Zavod No 196 (Sudomekh), Galerniy, Leningrad|
|Date of attack||23 Jun 1941||Nationality: Soviet|
|Fate||Sunk by U-144 (Gert von Mittelstaedt)|
|Position||57° 28'N, 21° 17'E - Grid AO 6486|
|Complement||16 officers and men (16 dead - no survivors)|
|Route||Liepaja (22 Jun) - Ust-Dvinsk|
|History||M-78 was laid down in March 1934 at Zavod No 198 (Andre Marti), Nikolaev in the Black Sea in sections, which were transported by railway to Leningrad and completed in June 1936. |
|Notes on event|
At 06.54 hours on 23 June 1941, M-78 (SrLt Dmitriy L. Shevchenko) was hit by two torpedoes from U-144 and sank immediately 9 miles west of Vindava. The commander of the 4th Submarine-Division, KLt Stepan Ionovich Matveyev, was lost with the submarine. They had left Liepaja the day before together with M-77, had been attacked at 03.36 hours on 23 June off Uzava by German aircraft and were proceeding on the surface to recharge their batteries.
|On board||We have details of 16 people who were on board.|
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