Allied Warships

Events on this day

23 August

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (36)

1918: US Navy Fleet tug Kalmia (AT 23)

1936: Soviet Navy Destroyer Bditelnyi - Soviet Navy Destroyer Bezuprechny - Soviet Navy Destroyer Reshitelniy - Soviet Navy Destroyer Retiviy - Soviet Navy Destroyer Revnostniy

1938: Royal Navy Patrol vessel Pintail (L 21 / K 21)

1940: Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Edmundston (K 106) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Tango (T 146)

1941: Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 325 (MTB 325) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 67 - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-120 (YMS-120)

1942: Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 403 (LST 403) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 403 (LST 403)

1943: US Navy Frigate Bath (PF-55) - US Navy Seaplane tender Cook Inlet (AVP 36) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Keppler (DE 311) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-371 (LCI(L)-371) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-473 (LCI(L)-473) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 578 (LCT 578) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Lloyd Thomas (DE 312) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 286 (LST 286) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 513 (LST 513) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Milton Lewis (DE 772) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1497 (SC-1497) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Strickland (DE 333) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Sutton (DE 771) - US Navy Submarine Trumpetfish (425) - US Navy Submarine Tusk (426)

1944: US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1089 (LCI(L)-1089) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-820 (LCI(L)-820) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-15 (LCS(L)-15) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1219 (LCT 1219) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1220 (LCT 1220) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1288 (LCT 1288) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 250 (LSM 250)

Launched (38)

1910: Royal Navy Tug Alliance (W 77) - Royal Navy Tug Firm (W 15)

1915: Royal Navy MS Trawler Conquistador - Royal Navy Tug Sprite (W 53)

1917: US Navy Destroyer Manley (APD 1)

1918: Royal Navy Light cruiser Delhi (D 74)

1930: Royal Navy MS Trawler Firefly (FY 673)

1937: Soviet Navy Destroyer Sokrushitelny

1938: Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barcastle (Z 09) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Britomart (J 22) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Scott (J 79)

1941: Free French Navy Motor minesweeper D 261 - Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Calgary (K 231) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 116 (J 616) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 45 (J 545) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 89 (J 589) - Royal Navy Submarine P 39 (P 39) - US Navy Minesweeper Caracara (AMc-40) - US Navy Destroyer Emmons (DD 457) - US Navy Minesweeper Loyalty (AMc-88) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-452 (PC-452) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-117 (YMS-117)

1942: US Navy Escort carrier Croatan (ii) (CVE 25) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 132 (LCT 132) - US Navy Escort carrier Prince William (ii) (CVE 31) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-769 (SC-769)

1943: US Navy Destroyer Escort Jordan (DE 204) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-368 (LCI(L)-368) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 125 (LST 125) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Thomason (DE 203)

1944: US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-801 (LCI(L)-801) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1216 (LCT 1216) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1234 (LCT 1234) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 638 (LST 638) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 939 (LST 939) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 631 - US Navy Submarine Toro (422)

1945: US Navy Aircraft carrier Leyte (CV 32)

Commissioned (37)

1918: Royal Navy Minesweeper Sutton (J 78) - US Navy Minesweeper Cardinal (AM 6)

1920: US Navy Destroyer William B. Preston (AVD 7)

1923: Royal Dutch Navy Minelayer Pro Patria

1926: French Navy Destroyer Bourrasque

1939: Royal Navy Destroyer Kelly (F 01)

1940: Royal Navy MS Trawler Lord Darling (FY 1774)

1941: Royal Navy Motor Gun Boat MGB 320 (MGB 320) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 233 (ML 233) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 287 (ML 287) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 50 (J 550)

1942: Royal Navy Escort destroyer Blean (L 47) - Royal Norwegian Navy Motor Gun Boat MGB 619 (MGB 619) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-664 (SC-664)

1943: Royal Canadian Navy Motor Launch ML 109 (ML 109) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Antares (J 282) - Royal Navy Frigate Duff (K 352) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1019 (FY 1019) - Royal Navy Submarine Storm (P 233) - US Navy Salvage vessel Clamp (ARS 33) - US Navy Destroyer Colahan (DD 658) - US Navy Destroyer Cowell (ii) (DD 547) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-367 (LCI(L)-367) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 246 (LST 246) - US Navy Minesweeper Sage (AM 111) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1076 (SC-1076) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-687 (SC-687) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Snowden (DE 246) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-377 (YMS-377)

1944: Royal Dutch Navy Motor minesweeper Marken (ii) (FY 54) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1082 (LCI(L)-1082) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-797 (LCI(L)-797) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 717 (LST 717) - US Navy Submarine Piper (409)

1945: Royal Navy Destroyer Chevron (R 51) - Royal Navy Motor Fishing Vessel MFV 763 (MFV 763)

1946: US Navy Destroyer Johnston (ii) (DD 821)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 23 August (7)


1940: Royal Navy Destroyer Hostile (H 55)

1941: Royal Navy Corvette Zinnia (K 98)

1942: US Navy Destroyer Blue (i) (DD 387)

1943: US Navy Submarine chaser SC-694 (SC-694) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-696 (SC-696)

1944: US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 555

1956: Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 480 (MTB 480)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 23 August


1939

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) arrived at Cádiz, Spain.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. G.D.A. Gregory, RN) departed Portland for Dundee. She made the passage together with HMS Spearfish (Lt. J.H. Eaden, RN) and HMS Swordfish (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spearfish: HMS Spearfish (Lt. J.H. Eaden, RN) departed Portland for Dundee. She made the passage together with HMS Sturgeon (Lt. G.D.A. Gregory, RN) and HMS Swordfish (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN).

1940

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire: HMS Dorsetshire (Capt. B.C.S. Martin, RN) conducted exercises off St. Helena.

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Manchester: In the evening HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) conducted a short exercises at Scapa Flow.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Southern Pride (Lt. N.B.J. Stapleton, RNR) and HMS Recoil (Lt. I.M. Wilson, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HMS Breda (Capt.(Retd.) A. E. Johnston, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. E.D. Norman, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the south of the Straits of Messina. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Proteus during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Cdr. D.C. Ingram, DSC, RN) ended her 12th war patrol at Dundee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Rosyth for Scapa escorted by HMS White Bear (Capt. R. Gill, RNR), arriving on 24 August and sails from there the next day for her 8th patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Atlantic to the North-West of the Hebrides. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN) departed from Rosyth bound for Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triad: HMS Triad (Lt.Cdr. G.S. Salt, RN) proceeds from Dundee to Rosyth. At Rosyth she is immediately docked in a floating dock.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V. Haggard, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.S. Brookes, DSC, RN) participated in / conducted exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. J.S. Huddard, RN) departed Harwich for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Sea. For the daily positions of HMS H 44 during this patrol see the map below.

1941

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ursula: At 1340 hours (zone -2) HMS Ursula (Lt. A.J. Mackenzie, RN) was bombed from the air while at periscope depth about 2 nautical miles East of Taormina, Sicily, Italy in position 37°51'N, 15°20'E. Two bombs were dropped but no damage was sustained. At 2108 hours, the submarine surfaced in position 37°43'N, 15°32'E with the intention of landing commandos by folbot to blow up a tunnel near Capo dell’Armi but the bad weather prevented the operation.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) conducted independent exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triumph (i): Shortly after midnight HMS Triumph (Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) closed the coast to land a reconnaissance party but did not do so due to considerable groundswell and surf. Withdrew to the seaward. 0530 hours (zone -2) - Dived and closed the beach to check position and set. 1745 hours - Retired to seaward. During the day the swell had died down and conditions now seemed favourable to go ahead with the operation. During the evening Triumph received a signal that the enemy battle fleet was at sea and that she was to proceed to a position to cover the North approaches to Messina upon completion of her special operation tonight. Cdr. Woods decided to go ahead with the reconnaissance this night and postpone the actual operation until the return journey.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Talisman: HMS Talisman (Lt.Cdr. M. Willmott, RN) attacked a merchant vessel with three torpedoes about 80 nautical miles North-North-East of Tobruk, Libya. No hits were obtained. Talisman had to go deep because one of the torpedoes had a gyro failure. (All times are zone -3) 1358 hours - While proceeding at periscope depth in position 33°35'N, 24°23'E sighted a merchant vessel of about 2500 tons bearing 337°, range 4.5 nautical miles. Enemy course was 157°, speed 12 knots. Started attack. No escort was seen. 1425 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1000 yards. 1427 hours - One of the torpedoes passed Talisman due to a gyro failure. Went deep with all despatch. 1429 hours - The torpedo went overhead. 1440 hours - Went to periscope depth. Saw the target zig-zagging on a North-Easterly course. Range was now 3000 yards. According to Italian sources this was the German Bellona (1297 GRT, built 1929) on her way from Suda to Bardia, she was unescorted as the Italian torpedo boat Sagittario had turned back to Suda a few hours before.`

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tetrarch: HMS Tetrarch (Lt.Cdr. G.H. Greenway, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian schooner V 72/Fratelli Garre (413 GRT) in position 350° - Sirte Lighthouse - 12 nautical miles (approximately 31°24'N, 16°33'E). [According to Italian sources the other vessels in company were the above mentioned schooner were the schooners Francesco Garré and Alula, escorted by the auxiliary minesweeper Proteo. Fratelli Garré sank in three minutes. Of a crew of 15, there were six missing, three killed and four seriously wounded. The survivors were picked up by Proteo who reported being narrowly missed by gunfire.] (All times are zone -3) 22 August 1941 1315 hours - Sighted a convoy made up of a 1500 tons merchant vessel, 5 large schooners. They were escorted by one destroyer (or torpedo boat) and one large trawler. The convoy was close inshore, too close to attack in that shallow water. Followed the convoy to attack it the next day if the opportunity would arise. 2312 hours - Overtook the convoy. Decided to attack it at dawn if possible. 23 August 1941 0615 hours - Sighted the convoy again but i now only consisted of three of the schooners and the trawler, there was no sign of the rest. Closed with the intention of attacking the trawler with gunfire from submerged. This was frustrated by the arrival of an air patrol. 0730 hours - Fired one torpedo at the leading schooner and one at the second schooner. Range was 500 yards. Obtained a hit on the leading schooner. Went deep upon firing but no counter attack followed. 0750 hours - One of the schooners had sunk, the other two and the trawler were steaming towards Sirte. Decided to proceed towards Benghasi as the convoy would now proceed close inshore in shallow water. In the evening a signal was received from Capt. S-1 that made Lt.Cdr. Greenway decide not to proceed to Benghasi. He turned back towards Sirte in the hope the schooners had remained there. This was later seen to be the case but it was too late to attack by day.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorn: HMS Thorn (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Norfolk, RN) departed her builders yard at Birkenhead for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unique: HMS Unique (Lt. A.R. Hezlet, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. F.B. Gibbs, RN) and her escort, the Dutch torpedo boat HrMs Z 5 (Lt. J.J. Steensma, RNN), arrived at Sheerness roads.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. A.C. Halliday, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Boreas: HMS Boreas (Lt.Cdr. D.H. Maitland-Makgill Crichton, DSC, RN) picks up 25 survivors from the Norwegian merchant Spind that was damaged by gunfire from German U-boat U-552 The destroyer sank the damaged Spind with gunfire east of Lisbon, Portugal in position 40°43'N, 11°39'W

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Campanula: HMS Campanula (Lt.Cdr. R.V.E. Case, DSC, RNR) picks up 38 survivors from the British merchant Aldergrove that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-201 north-west of Lisbon, Portugal in position 40°43'N, 11°39'W.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR M-172: M-172 fires a torpedo against the German hospital ship Alexander von Humboldt (686 GRT) north of Linakhamari in position 69°75'N, 31°50'E. The torpedo misses its target.

1942

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.B. de Meester, RNN) made a short A/S patrol off Fremantle. Possibly the US submarine USS Gar (Cdr. D. McGregor, USN) was briefly escorted part of the way south to Albany. Tromp returned to Fremantle later the same day.

US Navy Submarine USS Skipjack: USS Skipjack (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Coe) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese fleet oiler Hayatomo (14050 GRT) south-west of Ambon, Netherlands East Indies in position 03°52'N, 127°54'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Finback: USS Finback (Lt.Cdr. J.L. Hull) returns to Pearl Harbor to refit for her 2nd war patrol.

US Navy Submarine USS Wahoo: USS Wahoo (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Kennedy) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Caroline Islands area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, RN) arrived at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sahib: HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar with HMS Lightning (Cdr. H.G. Walters, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 311: HMS P 311 (Cdr. R.D. Cayley, DSO and 2 Bars, RN) shifted from Arrochar to Holy Loch after having completed her torpedo discharge trials the previous day.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Dundee. She made the passage together with the Free French submarine FFS Rubis. They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. Only vessels out of range were observed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 48: HMS P 48 (Lt. M.E. Faber, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: During the night of 23/24 August 1942, a suspected act of sabotage occurred on board the submarine which was in the Camperdown dock. We have no further information.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.R. Drummond, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with USS Lansdale, USS Plunkett, HMS Achates (Lt.Cdr. A.H.T. Johns, RN) and HMS Yestor (Lt. R.C. Holt, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) arrived at Sheerness roads.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Bulldog (Cdr. M. Richmond, OBE, DSO, RN), HMS Achates (Lt.Cdr. A.H.T. Johns, RN), HMS Hurricane (Cdr. E.C. Bayldon, DSC, RN) and HMS Watchman (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Rodgers, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. K.H Joy, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS S-44: USS S-44 (Lt. J.R. Moore) ended her 3rd war patrol at Brisbane.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR M-36: M-36 torpedoed and sank the German tug Ankara (112 GRT) off Odessa, Ukraine in position 45°49'N, 30°12'E.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-422: At 0748 hours, ShCh-422 attacked a German convoy off the Varangerfjord near Kiberg, Norway and fires four torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 4000 GRT. All torpedoes fired missed their target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow where she is to assist in A/S training.

1943

Royal Navy Sloop HMS Landguard: On the 23th August 1943 the 40th Escort Group (Cdr. Dallison), consisting of the sloops HMS Landguard, HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings and the frigates HMS Exe, HMS Moyola and HMS Waveney were deployed on a U-boat hunt off Cape Ortegal. The whole operation was covered by the British light cruiser HMS Bermuda. On the 25th August the Canadian 5th Support Group (Cdr. Tweed), consisting of the British frigates HMS Nene, HMS Tweed and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Calgary, HMCS Edmundston and HMCS Snowberry were deployed to relieve the 40th Escort Group. While this was in progress the ships were attacked at 1415 hrs by 14 Dornier Do-217's and 7 Ju-88's. with the new German weapon, the Henschel Glider Bombs, (the "Hs293 A-1"). Designed by the German Professor Herbert Wagner. HMS Landguard and HMS Bideford were the first of the Allied and R.N. ships to be attacked and damaged by them. This being the first time of their being brought into action against Allied ships. Several sailors were injured on HMS Bideford and one sailor was killed. Another two days later on the 27th August 1943 the Canadian 5th Support group was relieved by the 1st Support group (Cdr. Brewer) consisting of the sloops HMS Pelican, HMS Egret and the frigates HMS Jed, HMS Rother, HMS Spey and HMS Evenlode. Also the covering cruiser HMS Bermuda was relieved by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan and the British destroyer HMS Grenville. These ships were also attacked by the Germans. This time with 18 Dornier Do-217?s also carrying Henschel Glider Bombs. HMCS Athabaskan was heavily damaged and HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 194 of her crew. After this loss the U-boat hunt was blown off.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Fremantle with HrMs Tjerk Hiddes (Lt.Cdr. W.J. Kruys, RNN). Also radar exercises were carried out with aircraft.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with HMS Musketeer (Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN), HMS Mahratta (Lt.Cdr. E.A.F. Drought, DSC, RN), HMS Oribi (Lt.Cdr. J.C.A. Ingram, RN) and HMS Hussar (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Biggs, DSO, DSC, RN).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(retired) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS L'Incomprise (Lt.Cdr. (retired) F.S. Deveson, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Lycett, RD, RNR) and HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Grayling: USS Grayling (Lt.Cdr. Robert Marion Brinker) delivers supplies to Filipino guerrilla forces on Panay. She was not heard from after she had completed this mission.

US Navy Submarine USS Searaven: USS Searaven (Lt.Cdr. H. Cassedy) departed from Midway for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Japanese home waters off the north-eastern coast of Honshu.

US Navy Submarine USS Stingray: USS Stingray (Lt.Cdr. O.J. Earle) leaves Brisbane for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Admiralty Islands area.

US Navy Submarine USS Permit: USS Permit (Lt.Cdr. Carter Lowe Bennett) leaves Pearl Harbor on her 10th war patrol with orders for a photographic reconnaissance of several atolls in the Marshall Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Albacore: USS Albacore (Lt.Cdr. O.E. Hagberg) departed from Brisbane for her 6th war patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol in the Bismarck and Solomon Islands area.

US Navy Submarine USS Cod: USS Cod (Lt.Cdr. J.C. Dempsey, USN) departed New London, Connecticut for the Panama Canal Zone.

US Navy Submarine USS Paddle: USS Paddle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Rice) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant passenger/cargo ship Ataka Maru (5248 GRT, former Italian Ada) off Hamamatsu, Japan in position 34°37'N, 137°53'E.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sealion: HMS Sealion (Lt. N.J. Coe, DSC, RNR) was undocked at Kames Bay. She then proceeded to Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) is briefly docked at Rothesay in AFD 20 to scrape the ships bottom.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) arrived at Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, DSO, RN) is rammed during an attack on an enemy convoy of the Dardanelles. The periscopes and periscope shears are damaged. (All times are zone -3) 1600 hours - Sighted a seaplane patrolling to the South. 1730 hours - The seaplane was joined by a second one. Looks like a convoy was approaching from the South. 1819 hours - Sighted masts of the convoy, distance 7 nautical miles. 1831 hours - The convoy changed course and was seen to be made up of two merchant ships of 2000 and 3000 tons. 5 escorts were seen as well as 5 aircraft. Also two E-boats were seen. Started attack. In the closing stages of the attack Taurus came very close to the target and due to the strong currents off the Dardanelles she collided with the target at 1936 hours in position 39?58'N, 25?57'E. The target was thought to be the Italian tanker Celeno (Lt.Cdr. Wingfield was correct in this). No counter attack followed. Set course to the South. 2100 hours - Surfaced. Found both periscope badly damaged. Set course to return to base. This convoy was made up of the Italian tanker Celeno (3741 GRT, built 1899) and the German merchant Thisbe (1782 GRT, built 1925, former French). They were escorted by the German torpedo boat TA-10 and the German auxiliary submarine chasers UJ-2101, UJ-2104, UJ-2109 and 4 R-boats. This 'event' is often listed as happened the day before. This is also listed as such in the patrol report of Taurus. The log of Taurus however gives 23 August as the correct date. This is also the date this convoy arrived off the Dardanelles, therefore the correct date for this (failed) attack is 23 August 1943.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted attack exercises at/off Scapa Flow for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN) and HMIS Godavari (Capt. J.W. Jefford, OBE, RIN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS Umbra (Lt. P.H. May, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Radiant (T/Lt. C.S.R. Shapland, RNVR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to perform an anti-uboat patrol in the Norwegian Sea. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Untiring during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. J. Nash, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN) and HMS Castleton (Cdr.(Retd.) C.W.V.T.S. Lepper, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upstart: HMS Upstart (Lt. P.C. Chapman, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS Cotillion (T/Lt. S.G. Fowler, RNR). Off Scapa Flow they were joined by HMS Sea Rover (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Venturer: HMS Venturer (Lt. J.S. Launders, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. E.C. Croswell, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMCS Ottawa (Cdr. H.F. Pullen, OBE, RCN), HMCS Kootenay (A/Lt.Cdr. K.L. Dyer, DSC, RCN) and HMCS Kitchener (T/A/Lt.Cdr. W. Evans, RCNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. B. Charles, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel and HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Lycett, RD, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. J.M. Michell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMCS La Malbaie (T/Lt. J.S. Davis, RCNVR), HMCS Wetaskiwin (T/Lt.Cdr. J.R. Kidston, RCNVR) and HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

1944

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XI: HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. P.G. de Back, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Visakhapatnam.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. W.J. de Vries, RNN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off New London, Connecticut, U.S.A.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Buttercup (T/Lt. W.A.M.J. Libert, RNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) conducted exercises off Lough Foyle.

US Navy Submarine USS Tambor: USS Tambor (Lt.Cdr. W.J. Germershausen) ended her 11th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS Thresher: USS Thresher (Lt.Cdr. J.R. Middleton, Jr) departed from Midway for her 14th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Yellow and East China Seas.

US Navy Submarine USS Saury: USS Saury (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Dropp) ended her 10th war patrol at Majuro.

US Navy Submarine USS Guardfish: USS Guardfish (Lt.Cdr. N.G. Ward) departed from Midway for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Sea of Japan together with USS Thresher and USS Sunfish.

US Navy Submarine USS Angler: USS Angler (Lt.Cdr. F.G. Hess) ended her 4th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Haddo: USS Haddo (Lt.Cdr. C.W. Nimitz, Jr.) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Asakaze (1270 tons, offsite link) some 20 miles southwest of Cape Bolinao, Luzon, Philippines in position 16°06'N, 119°44'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Hoe: USS Hoe (Lt.Cdr. V.B. McCrea) ended her 5th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Tang: USS Tang (Cdr. R.H. O'Kane) torpedoed and sank the Japanese cargo ship Tsukushi Maru (1859 GRT) off Hamamatsu, Japan in position 34°37'N, 137°52'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Batfish: USS Batfish (Cdr. J.K. Fyfe, USN) claims to have sunk a Japanese destroyer off Velasco Reef, Palau. (All times are zone -9) While approaching the stranded ships on Velasco Reef it became clear that the transport was high and dry and that firing torpedoes at her would be useless. Decided to attack a patrolling 'Minekaze-class' destroyer. 1402 hours - In position 08°09'N, 134°38'E fired three torpedoes from 2670 yards. All three hit. The target was seen to sink with a port list, water up to the bridge. She was smoking heavily. 1405 hours - A patrol craft came towards. Went deep. 1447 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The target could no longer be seen, she must have sunk.

US Navy Submarine USS Baya: USS Baya (Cdr. A.H. Holtz, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol between the Philippines and Palau. Later she shifted her patrol area to the South China Sea. She departed Pearl Harbour together with USS Hawkbill (Cdr. F.W. Scanland, Jr., USN) and USS Becuna (Cdr. H.D. Sturr, USN) with who Baya was to form a coordinated attack group. They were to proceed to Saipan first before proceeding to their patrol area. The submarines were escorted out by USS PC 485 (Lt. W.C. Sands, USNR). For daily positions (incomplete) and attack positions of USS Baya during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Becuna: USS Becuna (Cdr. H.D. Sturr, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea but to proceed to Saipan first. She made the passage together with USS Baya (Cdr. A.H. Holtz, USN) and USS Hawkbill (Cdr. F.W. Scanland, Jr., USN). They were escorted out of Pearl Harbour by USS USS PC 485 (Lt. W.C. Sands, USNR). For daily and attack positions (though incomplete) for USS Becuna during this patrol see the map below.

US Navy Submarine USS Bergall: USS Bergall (Cdr. J.M. Hyde, USN) conducted exercises off Pearl Harbour together with USS Canfield (Lt.Cdr. P.E. Cherry, USNR), USS Allen (Lt. W.J. Riley, Jr., USNR) and USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN).

US Navy Submarine USS Blackfin: USS Blackfin (Cdr. G.H. Laird, Jr., USN) arrived at Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone.

US Navy Submarine USS Hawkbill: USS Hawkbill (Lt.Cdr. W. Scanland, Jr.) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Philippines and the South China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Atule: USS Atule (Cdr. J.H. Maurer, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. F.E. Ashmead-Bartlett, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMCS Kamloops (T/A/Lt.Cdr. D.M. Stewart, RCNR) and another vessel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. H.B. Turner, DSC, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, DSO, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with an Escort Group. These also included convoy attack exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (T/Lt. P.S. Parmenter, RNR) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Larne. These included night exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) again lands a party to make a beach reconnaissance at Bireuen on the North coast of Sumatra. The party is recovered early the next day after about almost 4 hours.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Lt. P.H. May, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorough: HMS Thorough (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tiptoe: HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area during which HMS Bridgewater (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN) served as the target. Upon completion of these exercises HMS Tiptoe returned to Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trump: HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS Bridgewater (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruly: HMS Unruly (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) arrived at Sheerness.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS Unsparing (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) arrived the Chatham Dockyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Vitality (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted exercises off Tobermory with HMCS Ribble (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A.B. Taylor, RCNR) and HMCS Loch Achanalt (T/Lt. R.W. Hart, RCNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: During the night of 23/24 August 1944, HMS Varangian (Lt. A.J. Sumption, DSC, RNVR), served as target during night exercises for HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: During the night of 23/24 August 1944, HMS Uther (Lt. R.A.A.C. Ward, DSC, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard with aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Visigoth: HMS Visigoth (Lt. J.R.H. Haddow, DSC, RN)

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. A.M.B. Buxton, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. P.M. Staveley, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. R.C. Bucknall, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (T/Lt. C.D. Smith, RANVR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt. W.A. Schoenfeld, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-15: S-15 attacks but misses the small German tanker Gretchen with torpedoes off Makkaur.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-103: At 1111 hours S-103 fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a tug towing a barge off the Syltefjord. Both torpedoeds missed their target. Over an hour later, at 1223 hours, S-103 fires three torpedoes against the German Gretchen (255 GRT). The three torpedoes missed their target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. H.R. Murray, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Digby.

1945

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (A/Capt. F. Stam, RNN) arrived at Sydney, Australia. Early September Tromp departed Sydney for the Dutch East Indies.

US Navy Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Lt.Cdr. L.C. Farley, USNR) made a short stop at Midway. She departed for Pearl Harbour later the same day.

US Navy Submarine USS Crevalle: USS Crevalle (Cdr. E.H. Steinmetz, USN) arrived at Saipan.

US Navy Submarine USS Entemedor: USS Entemedor (Cdr. W.R. Smith, Jr., USN) arrived at Subic Bay.

US Navy Submarine USS Sterlet: USS Sterlet (Lt.Cdr. H.H. Lewis) ended her 5th war patrol at Midway.

US Navy Submarine USS Tirante: Due to the end of hostilities USS Tirante (Cdr. G.L. Street, III) ended her 3rd war patrol at Midway.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spur: HMS Spur (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN) ended her 1st war patrol (also 1st in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt. E.C. Croswell, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tally-Ho: HMS Tally-Ho (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upshot: HMS Upshot (Lt. A.J. Boyall, RN) conducted A/S exercises with aircraft in the Brittany exercises area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vagabond: HMS Vagabond (Lt. I.M. Stoop, DSC, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Larne.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Virulent: HMS Virulent (Lt. F.E. Ashmead-Bartlett, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vulpine: HMS Vulpine (Lt. W.D.S. Scott, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Starling (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.C. Julian, RNZNVR). These were however soon abandoned due to the bad visibility.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vulpine: HMS Vulpine (Lt. W.D.S. Scott, RN) conducte exercises off Tobermory which included a practive attack on HMS Starling (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.C. Julian, RNZNVR).

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt. R. Wetherill, III, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. D.C. Bowman, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR L-19: L-19 torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant Tetsugo Maru off Rumoi, Hokkaido, Japan in position 44°08'N, 141°30'E.

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