Allied Warships

Events on this day

16 February

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (22)

1920: US Navy Light cruiser Richmond (CL 9)

1927: United States Coast Guard Patrol vessel Woodbury (WPC 155) - United States Coast Guard Patrol vessel Yeaton (WPC 156)

1942: Brazilian Navy Patrol craft Guaíba (G 3) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 343 (LCT 343) - Royal Navy Destroyer Virago (R 75) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-482 (PC-482) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-604 (PC-604) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 107 - US Navy Submarine Puffer (268) - US Navy Submarine Redfin (272)

1943: US Navy Patrol craft PCS-1450 (PCS-1450)

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1003 (LCT 1003) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 659 (LCT 659) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 772 (LCT 772) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1008 (LST 1008) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 666 (LST 666) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 914 (LST 914) - US Navy Minesweeper Toucan (AM 387)

1945: US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1072 (LST 1072) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 609 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 657

Launched (38)

1918: Royal Navy Destroyer Vivien (L 33)

1926: Royal Navy Heavy cruiser Suffolk (55)

1934: Royal Navy Destroyer Echo (H 23) - Royal Hellenic Navy Destroyer Navarinon (H 23)

1938: Royal Navy Submarine Triumph (i) (N 18) - Royal Navy Submarine Unity (N 66) - Royal Navy Submarine Ursula (N 59) - Soviet Navy Submarine V-4

1939: French Navy Minesweeper Commandant Riviere

1942: Royal Navy Corvette Pink (K 137) - Royal Navy Submarine Saracen (P 247) - Royal Navy Submarine Unrivalled (P 45) - US Navy Battleship Alabama (BB 60) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-97 (YMS-97)

1943: Royal Navy Minelayer Ariadne (M 65) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Charles Lawrence (DE 53) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 267 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 268 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 269 - US Navy Oiler Schuylkill (AO 76)

1944: Royal Navy Minesweeper Flying Fish (J 370) - US Navy Submarine Bergall (320) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-420 (LCI(L)-420) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-556 (LCI(L)-556) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-946 (LCI(L)-946) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-947 (LCI(L)-947) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-948 (LCI(L)-948) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 667 (LCT 667) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 782 (LCT 782) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 860 (LCT 860) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 981 (LCT 981) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 546 (LST 546) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 417 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 470

1945: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 1280 (LCT 1280) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 347 (LSM 347) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 581 - US Navy Net tender Suncook (AN 80)

Commissioned (32)

1921: US Navy Destroyer Truxtun (DD 229)

1925: US Navy Submarine S-44 (155)

1939: US Navy Heavy Cruiser Wichita (CA 45)

1940: Royal Navy MS Trawler Wistaria (T 113)

1941: Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 179 (ML 179)

1942: Royal Navy MS Trawler Foula (T 203) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 141 (LCT 141) - Royal Dutch Navy Minelayer Bangkalan

1943: Brazilian Navy Submarine chaser Jaguarão (CS 55) - Brazilian Navy Submarine chaser Jaguaribe (CS 56) - Royal Australian Navy Motor Launch ML 817 (ML 817) - Royal Navy Boom defence vessel Barhill (Z 225) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-257 (LCI(L)-257) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-317 (LCI(L)-317) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 426 (LST 426) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 427 (LST 427) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 562 (ML 562) - Royal Navy Frigate Nith (K 215) - Italian Navy Corvette Folaga - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-143 (YMS-143)

1944: Royal Navy MS Trawler Calvay (T 383) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 822 (LCT 822) - Royal Navy Motor Fishing Vessel MFV 1021 (MFV 1021) - Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 458 (MTB 458) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Barr (DE 576) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-417 (LCI(L)-417) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-554 (LCI(L)-554) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 141 (LST 141) - US Navy Net tender Silverbell (AN 51)

1945: US Navy Minesweeper Dunlin (AM 361) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 293 (LSM 293) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 1106 (LST 1106)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 16 February (7)


1941: Royal Navy MS Trawler Ormonde (FY 782)

1942: Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1062 (ML 1062)

1943: US Navy Submarine Amberjack (i) (219)

1944: Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 418 (LST 418)

1945: US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-26 (LCS(L)-26) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-49 (LCS(L)-49) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-7 (LCS(L)-7)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 16 February


1940

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) returned to Surabaya.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thistle: HMS Thistle (Cdr. R.W. Stirling-Hamilton, RN) departed from Bergen, Norway as part of the escort of convoy HN-12. The convoy was to arrive at Methil on 19 February. Other ships of the escort were light cruisers HMS Edinburgh (Capt. F.C. Bradley, RN) and HMS Arethusa (Capt. Q.D. Graham, RN), destroyers HMS Inglefield (Capt. P. Todd, RN), HMS Ilex (Lt.Cdr. P.L. Saumarez, DSC, RN), HMS Imogen (Cdr. C.L. Firth, MVO, RN) and HMS Delight (Cdr. M. Fogg-Elliott, RN). Anti-Aircraft protection was provided by the anti-aircraft cruiser HMS Calcutta (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN). The destroyer HMS Daring (Cdr. S.A. Cooper, RN) joined the convoy at sea on the 16th having departed Rosyth on the 15th. HMS Edinburgh and HMS Aurora were detached on the 17th to Scapa Flow. They were escorted by HMS Inglefield and HMS Imogen. On the 18th the convoy was joined by three merchant ships from the Orkneys and by destroyer HMS Imperial (Lt.Cdr. C.A.de W. Kitcat, RN). On the 18th HMS Daring was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-23. HMS Thistle sights the sinking destroyer and directs the other destroyers to the rescue. HMS Inglefield picked up one officer and three ratings from a Carley float and HMS Ilex another rating from wreckage, they are the only survivors. 156 of the crew are lost. HMS Ilex also hunted the U-boat without success.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Orpheus (i): HMS Orpheus (Cdr. C.J. Blake, RN) departed Colombo for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Chagos Archipelago and the Maldives. For the daily positions of HMS Orpheus during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Perseus (i): HMS Perseus (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Tenedos (Lt.Cdr. J.O'B. Milner-Barry, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Browne, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore together with HMS Tenedos (Lt.Cdr. J.O'B. Milner-Barry, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Grampus: HMS Grampus (Lt.Cdr. G.H. Nowell, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore with HMS Stronghold (Lt.Cdr. R. Alexander, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Swordfish: HMS Swordfish (Lt. P.J. Cowell, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Studholme, RN) arrived at Portsmouth for the installation of a new battery.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, RN) conducts exercises in the Firth of Forth with HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Hutchinson, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. W.S. Hall, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Hutchinson, RN) conducted exercises in the Firth of Forth together with HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 shifted from Portsmouth to Portland. She was escorted by HMS Warrior II (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Ivanhoe: HMS Ivanhoe (Cdr. P.H. Hadow, RN) intercepts the German merchant Baldur (5805 BRT) off Lister, Norway. However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew.

1941

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Legion (Cdr. R.F. Jessel, RN). Upon completion of these exercises she proceeded to Ardishaig.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt. E.A. Woodward, RN) arrived at Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, DSO, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Talisman: At 0800 hours, HMS Talisman (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN), made rendes-vous with her escort HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR). Both vessels then proceeded north through the Irish Sea towards Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) arrived at Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. M. Willmott, RN) arrived at Tobermory.

1942

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XV: HrMs K XV (Lt.Cdr. Baron C.W.T. van Boetzelaer, RNN) is ordered to patrol off the Anambas Islands.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XI: HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN) departed her patrol area for Surabaya. She was in need of repairs.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 19: With her repairs completed, HrMs O 19 (Lt. H.F. Bach Kolling, RNN(R)), departed Surabaya for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol to the south of Strait Karimata.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) departed Dundee for Blyth.

US Navy Submarine USS Gato: With her training completed USS Gato (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Myers) left New London for Pearl Harbor.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. C.P. Norman, RN) had barely been in harbour for a few hours when she sailed again from Malta for her 5th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to form a patrol line with HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) and HMS P 39 (Lt. N. Marriott, DSC, RN) in the eastern approaches of Tripoli, to intercept an important convoy. For the daily positions of HMS Una during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) conducted independent exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Parthian: HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at the U.S.N. submarine base at New London for a period of trials and training.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Pandora: HMS Pandora (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) departed Cape Henlopen Bay for Philadelphia under tow. Passage was however soon postponed due to thick fog.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) departed Malta for Alexandria. For the daily positions of HMS Porpoise during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt. H.S. Mackenzie, RN) makes a torpedo attack on the German merchant Arkadia (1756 GRT, built 1927) off Suda Bay, Crete, Greece. All torpedoes fired however missed their target. (All times are zone -2) 0413 hours - Sighted three darkened ships bearing 255°, distance 5 nautical miles. Altered course towards. Thrasher is however unable to get into an attack position 0520 hours - Proceeded towards Suda Bay 0730 hours - Dived in position 060°, Cape Drepano distance 11,5 nautical miles 0855 hours - A small 1000 ton merchant ship escorted by a minesweeper or motor launch was sighted bearing 200°, distance 5 nautical miles. Their course was 120 and they had just left Suda Bay. Closed at speed to within 6000 yards. Could not get closed and at the range Lt. MacKenzie did not considered it worth firing torpedoes so the attack was abandoned 0945 hours - Sighted one small patrol vessel in the entrance to Suda Bay 1020 hours - Saw one motor launch approaching from Suda Bay. It passed 2 nautical miles astern and disappeared at about 12 knots in a north-easterly direction 1050 hours - Saw one M.A.S. boat leaving Suda Bay at high speed 1055 hours - The M.A.S. boat stopped about 3000 yards away bearing 240°. Thrasher went deep and retired to the Eastward 1150 hours - Sighted a large two-masted schooner entering Suda Bay 1155 hours - Sighted one merchant vessel bearing 060°. Altered course and started an attack. The merchant ship was about 3000 tons and was deeply laden. Five escorts were seen, one ahead, one on each beam and one on each quarter. Three of the escorts were transmitting on ASDIC. Also one or two aircraft were circling overhead 1234 hours - Fired the first of a salvo of four torpedoes from 2000 yards. A few seconds after firing the first torpedo a muffled explosion shook the submarine considerably, probably a bomb dropped by an aircraft. Less than a minute later machine gun bullets were heard striking the water. Almost three minutes after firing the first torpedo a loud distant explosion was hear followed ten seconds later by another. This might have been the torpedoes exploding or depth charges. Thrasher dived to 270 feet and retired to the Northward 1245 hours - The first of a total of 33 depth charges was dropped. Most were too close for comfort. Minor damage was caused 1430 hours - While at periscope depth three A/S vessels were seen to be still hunting. Aircraft were also seen. Thrasher went deep again and continued to retire while reloading the torpedo tubes 1545 hours - Came to periscope depth again. Nothing in sight 1906 hours - Surfaced.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt.Cdr. E.P. Tomkinson, DSO and Bar, RN) landed one of the three agents she had to land near Tunis, Tunisia. The landing of the other two agents had to be abandoned due to the worsening weather. (All times are zone -2) 2020 hours - Sent in the Folbot with Capt. Wilson and one of the three agents. A slight swell made this difficult. 2125 hours - The Folbot returned half full of water but had to be abandoned when she broke while being hoisted aboard. Due to the weather the landing of the other two agents had to be abandoned for this night. May be the next night would bring calmer weather. 2130 hours - Withdrew to the centre of the Gulf of Tunis.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: In the evening HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) was ordered to form a patrol line to the East of Tripoli together with 7 other submarines.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 36: HMS P 36 (Lt. H.N. Edmonds, DSC, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian destroyer Carabiniere south of the Straits of Messina. Part of the bow was blown off. The destroyer was screening the heavy cruisers Trento and Gorizia with her consorts Alpino, Fuciliere and Bersagliere. Twenty men were killed or missing and forty wounded (three seriously). She was taken in tow by the tug Instancabile and, escorted by the torpedo boat Generale Marcello Prestinari, was brought to Messina. The torpedo boat Pallade was sailed to take over the hunt of the submarine and dropped forty-five depth charges. (All times are zone -2) 1240 hours - Heard destroyer HE bearing 110°. 1301 hours - At periscope depth. Sighted the Italian heavy cruisers Trento and Gorizia. They were escorted by about 8 destroyers and several aircraft. Started attack on the leading cruiser. 1307 hours - Shifted target to the second cruiser, Gorizia. 1315 hours - In position 37°42'N, 15°35'E fired four torpedoes from 1000 yards. It is thought two hits were obtained. P 36 went deep and took evasive action. 1318 hours - A counter attack started. This was carried out by 6 destroyers. During the first 45 minutes 105 depth charges were counted. None were uncomfortably close. 1534 hours - Returned to periscope depth. 3 Destroyers and 2 aircraft were sighted near the area of the attack about 3 nautical miles away. Nothing was seen of the cruiser.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 38: HMS P 38 (Lt. R.J. Hemingway, DSC, RN) is ordered to take up a patrol position to the east of Tripoli to form part of a patrol line of submarine to intercept an important southbound enemy convoy.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 39: HMS P 39 (Lt. N. Marriott, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to form a patrol line with HMS Una (Lt. C.P. Norman, RN) and HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) to the east of Tripoli to intercept an important enemy convoy together with other submarines of the 10th submarine flotilla. No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing trials in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) ended her 15th war patrol at Falmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS St. Modwen (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR), HMS Spaniel, HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Emgy.) C.E. Lowther, RAN) and HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. A. McKay, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS S-30: USS S-30 (Lt. F.W. Laing) arrived at Coco Solo.

US Navy Submarine USS S-38: USS S-38 (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Munson) ended her 3rd war patrol at Surabaya.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class off new submariners.

1943

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) arrived at Addu Atoll.

US Navy Submarine USS Triton: USS Triton (Lt.Cdr. G.K. Mackenzie, Jr) departed from Brisbane for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol the approaches to Rabaul.

US Navy Submarine USS Grayback: USS Grayback (Lt.Cdr. E.C. Stephan) departed from Brisbane for her 6th war patrol.

US Navy Submarine USS Flying Fish: USS Flying Fish (Lt.Cdr. G.R. Donaho) torpedoed and sank the Japanese stores ship Hyuga Maru (994 GRT) off Pagan, Mariana Islands in position 18°30'N, 145°57'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Kingfish: USS Kingfish (Lt.Cdr. V.L. Lawrence) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol off Formosa.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) served as target in Bute Sound for HMS Sealion (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Parthian: HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Beirut for Port Said.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Severn: HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. A.N.G. Campbell, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) departed Mers el Kebir for Algiers. She made the passage in convoy KMS 9. For the daily positions of HMS Sturgeon during this passage see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sickle: HMS Sickle (Lt. J.R. Drummond, DSC, RN) arrived at the Chatham Dockyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) is undocked and immediately proceeded to Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East) at Exmouth Gulf.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Templar: HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS P 31 (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: While operating south of Punta Stilo HMS Unrivalled (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian sailing vessel Sparviero (498 GRT) in position 38°18'N, 16°26'E. Unrivalled also torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Pasubio (2216 GRT) in position 38°18'N, 16°29E'. (All times are zone -1) 0837 hours - Sighted a 1000 tons 4-masted motor vessel at anchor close inshore of Rocella Ionica. Closed. 0932 hours - Fired one torpedo from a range of 750 yards. It hit amidships. The ship broke in two and sank in shallow water. Withdrew to seaward. --------------------------------------------------- 1111 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 020°. This turned out to be two medium sized merchant vessels escorted by two destroyers and two CANT flying boats. The vessels were southbound, zigzagging, with the destroyers screening ahead and on either bow. 1215 hours - Fired four torpedoes at the leading merchant vessel thought to be 6000 tons. The vessel was deep laden. 1217 hours - One torpedo was heard to hit. Unrivalled meanwhile had gone deep. 1223 hours - Five depth charges were dropped. 1228 hours - Six depth charges were dropped. 1230 - 1300 hours - Unrivalled managed to drew clear from the hunt. 1330 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Several aircraft were seen to be patrolling near the position of the attack. No ships in sight. 1414 hours - Went to 70 feet and set course for Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay to effect repairs to several serious defects.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (A/Skr.Lt. J.H.D. Dansie, RNR) and HMS Spaniel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. D. Swanston, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR) and HMS Bretwalda (Skr.Lt. J.R. Coultas, RD, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Laughon, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-16: USS R-16 departed Trinidad for Bermuda.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR M-119: M-119 fires two torpedoes against the German merchant Sturzsee (708 GRT) off Kiberg, Norway. Both torpedoes missed their target.

1944

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: The first airstrikes were launched against Truk by Task Force 58. They did quite some damage but also reported that four enemy cruisers were making an escape to the north. USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN) together with sister ship USS New Jersey (Capt. C.F. Holden, USN), heavy cruisers USS Minneapolis (Capt. R.W. Bates, USN), USS New Orleans (Capt. S.R. Shumaker, USN), destroyers USS Charrette (Cdr. E.S. Karpe, USN), USS Burns (Cdr. D.T. Eller, USN), USS Izard (Cdr. E.K. van Swearingen, USN) and USS Bradford (Cdr. R.L. Morris, USN) were detached to intercept and engage these ships. They did not find the reported enemy cruisers but engaged a Japanese convoy instead. This convoy had just departed Truk of Yokusuka and was made up of the Japanese armed merchant cruiser Akagi Maru (7366 GRT, built 1936). She was escorted by light (training) cruiser Katori, destroyers Maikaze and Nowaki and minesweeping trawler Shonan Maru No.15. Akagi Maru was sunk by aircraft from the carriers. The aircraft also torpedoed and damaged Katori. Destroyer Maikaze was also damaged. Early in the afternoon the American ships came across Katori, Maikaze and Shonan Maru No.15. They take the Japanese ships under fire. Katori meanwhile fired torpedoes against USS Iowa but missed. Maikaze also fired torpedoes but these passed between USS Iowa and USS New Jersey. Iowa then sank Katori with gunfire and New Jersey did the same with Shonan Maru No.15. USS Minneapolis and USS New Orleans meanwhile took care of Maikaze and sent her to a watery grave. After the action all ships re-joined Task Group 58.3 the following morning. The following is an extract from the action report of USS Iowa. 1118 hours - Detached with the ship mentioned above to destroy crippled enemy vessels reported to be escaping to sea from Truk through North Pass. 1205 hours - The group was now in position 08°10'N, 152°56'E. 1318 hours - While Iowa was under a heavy black cloud when suddenly a Japanese Zeke plane dove towards and dropped a light bomb which hit the water about 100 to 200 feet from the starboard side of the ship abreast turret 1. No casualties or damage resulted. The plane then attacked again stafing the ship but again no damage was caused. After this second attack the attacker was shot down by American fighters. 1414 hours - Sighted an unidentified burning ship bearing 270°(T). 1449 hours - USS New Jersey reported two light cruisers and one destroyer bearing 270°(T) at a range of 25 nautical miles. A plane reported that one of the cruisers was dead in the water and that there was an additional target between our formation and those enemy ships. 1452 hours - USS Izards reported smoke on the horizon dead ahead. 1500 hours - By now three targets were visible, a cruiser bearing 233°(T), range 33000 yards, a cruiser (or destroyer) bering 260°(T) and a small ship bearing 270°(T), range 22000 yards. 1510 hours - Our destroyers on both bows opened fire on the small vessel which was thought to be an auxiliary but later was thought to be a minelayer. 1512 hours - Went to 30 knots. 1516 hours - The light cruiser (or destroyer) ahead, now bearing 260°(T) at a range of 28800 yards was observed to stand away to the westward at high speed. The main battery was trained on her and was reported ready. The enemy made off on course 318°(T) at a speed of 24 knots. A fourth target was now sighted near the position the cruiser had been lying to. This was thought to be a Fubuki class destroyer dead in the water and smoking. 1530 hours - Fire was now opened on the cruiser with 16" and 5". This cruiser was already under fire from USS Minneapolis and USS New Orleans. Iowa fired 8 salvos with the main battery. All were straddles. After the fourth salvo the cruiser was suddenly seen to take a heavy list to port. 1541 hours - The bow of the cruiser rose about 30 feet out of the water and she sank stern first. While Iowa fired her first salvo torpedo wakes were seen heading towards Iowa. One of the torpedoes passed close aboard the port side. 1547 hours - Iowa now opened fire on a destroyer that was seen retiring from the scene. Five main battery salvos were fired from a opening range of of 35700 yards. Fire was ceased when the range was 39000 yards.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) arrived at Londonderry.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) departed Tobermory for Stornoway. She was escorted by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr. (Retd.) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Narwhal: USS Narwhal (Cdr. F.D. Latta) left base for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to deliver ammunition to Butuan Bay.

US Navy Submarine USS Cod: USS Cod (Lt.Cdr. J.C. Dempsey) sank a Japanese sampan with gunfire in the South China Sea in position 12°38'N, 117°33'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Gabilan: USS Gabilan conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Tinosa: USS Tinosa (Lt.Cdr. D.F. Weiss) torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ship Chojo Maru (2610 GRT) about 65 nautical miles south-east Siargao Island, Philippines in position 09°15'N, 127°05'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Crevalle: Out of torpedoes, USS Crevalle (Cdr. H.G. Munson, USN), departed her patrol area for Fremantle via Darwin.

US Navy Submarine USS Seahorse: USS Seahorse (Lt.Cdr. S.D. Cutter) ended her very successful 3th war patrol when she returned to base at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS Skate: USS Skate (Lt.Cdr. W.P. Gruner, Jr.) torpedoed and sank the Japanese light cruiser Agano (6650 tons, offsite link) about 170 nautical miles north of Dublon Island, Truk, Caroline Islands in position 10°11'N, 151°42'E.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. C.A.J. Nicholl, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway with HMS Skokholm.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. H.D. Verschoyle, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Brookes, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Holy Loch for Campbeltown. Off Campbeltown she conducted radar exercises. Upon completion of these she put into Campbeltown harbour.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) departed Lerwick for Dundee. She made the passage together with HMS Unshaken (Lt. J. Whitton, RN). They were escorted by HMS Lord Ashfield (T/Lt. J.B. Morpeth, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sportsman: HMS Sportsman (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) is docked at Port Said.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stoic: HMS Stoic (Lt. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN) arrived at Colombo. At Colombo she was docked to change her propellers which were damaged when she struck a whale during her passage from Aden to Colombo.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stubborn: At 0400 hours, HMS Stubborn (Lt. A.A. Duff, DSC, RN), started to sent out D/F bearings in order to home in HMS Musketeer (Cdr. R.L. Fisher, OBE, RN) and HMS Scourge (Lt.Cdr. G.I.M. Balfour, RN). 1200 hours - Started prepartions on deck to establish a tow line. 1455 hours - In position 64°24'N, 06°36'E sighted HMS Musketeer and HMS Scourse bearing 270°. HMS Scourge was ordered to take Stubborn in tow when the weather became suitable. Lt. Duff writes in his patrol report 'I have never previously appreciated the beauty of a destroyer seen bows-on'. See 17 February 1944 for the continuation of the events.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) left dock.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tactician: During the afternoon HMS Tactician (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Collett, DSC, RN) carries out periscope reconnaissance of the West and North coasts of Pulau Butang and Pulau Rawi. A suitable landing spot was sighted.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) departed from Trincomalee for Colombo.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Templar: HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee bound for Colombo where she is to dock.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Terrapin: HMS Terrapin (Lt.Cdr. D.S.R. Martin, DSO and 2 bars, RN) and HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) both conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with HMS Jan van Gelder (Lt. P.D. O'Driscoll, RNR) serving as target. These exercises included night exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trenchant: HMS Trenchant (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) arrived at Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) ended her 26th war patrol (21th in the Mediterranean) at La Maddalena.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unseen: HMS Unseen (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Portsmouth for Sheerness. She made the passage in a convoy.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J. Whitton, RN) ended her 21th war patrol at Lerwick. She departed for Dundee later the same day. She made the passage together with HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN). They were escorted by HMS Lord Ashfield (T/Lt. J.B. Morpeth, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. S.J. Fovargue, RN) participated in A/S execises off Tobermory.

Royal Norwegian Navy Submarine HNoMS Ula: HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars) departed Lerwick for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Skudesnes Fjord, Norway. Later the patrol area was changed to Lister Fjord. For the daily and attack positions of HNoMS Ula during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Flore (Lt. J. Mayling, RN) and HMS Borage (Lt. W.S. MacDonald, DSC, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN). Upon completion of these exercises Lt. Lawrence took over command of HMS H 33 from Lt. Kent.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Affleck (A/Cdr.(Retd.) C. Gwinner, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

US Navy Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. N.D. Gage, USN) arrived at New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

1945

Royal Canadian Navy Frigate HMCS Saint John: German U-boat U-309 was sunk in the North Sea east of the Moray Firth, in position 58°09'N, 02°23'W, by depth charges from the Canadian frigate HMCS Saint John (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Stacey, RCNR)

US Navy Destroyer USS Barton (ii): USS Barton and USS Ingraham are both damaged in collision off Iwo Jima in position 31°45'N, 141°54'E. The damaged destroyers and USS Moale depart from the area bound for Saipan.

US Navy Destroyer USS Henry A. Wiley: USS Henry A. Wiley arrived in the Iwo Jima area to participate in the landings on that island.

US Navy Destroyer USS Thomas E. Fraser: USS Thomas E. Fraser departed from Saipan to participate in the Iwo Jima landings.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. P.J.S. de Jong, RNN) arrived at Gibraltar.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: At 1232 hours (time zone -8) HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) is bombed and damaged by a Japanese aircraft off the East coast of Malaya in position 04°50'N, 104°03'E. She is able to continue her patrol.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) ended her 19th war patrol at Lerwick.

US Navy Submarine USS Barracuda: USS Barracuda arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard for decommissioning.

US Navy Submarine USS Bonita: USS Bonita arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard for decommissioning.

US Navy Submarine USS Batfish: USS Batfish (Cdr. J.K. Fyfe, USN) departed her patrol area for Guam.

US Navy Submarine USS Capitaine: With her torpedo trials completed, USS Capitaine (Lt.Cdr. E.S. Friedrick, USN), returned to New London, Connecticut.

US Navy Submarine USS Hawkbill: USS Hawkbill (Lt.Cdr. W. Scanland, Jr.) sank a small Japanese vessel with gunfire off Lombok Strait in approximate position 09°00'S, 116°00'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Sennet: USS Sennet (Cdr. G.E. Porter) torpedoed and sank the Japanese minelayer Naryu (720 tons, offsite link) southeast of Honshu, Japan in position 32°10'N, 135°54'E. Sennet herself is damaged by depth charges from a Japanese aircraft.

US Navy Submarine USS Tigrone: USS Tigrone (Cdr. H. Cassedy) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS Torsk: USS Torsk (Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) arrived at Port Everglades, Florida.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) departed Trincomalee for exercises. These were performed during the night of 16/17 February. At 0500/17 these were completed and course was then set for Seadog's patrol area off the Andaman Islands. This was her 13th war patrol, her 1st in the East Indies. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Seadog during this patrol see the map below. HMS Seadog 13th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sibyl: HMS Sibyl (Lt. H.R. Murray, RN) is docked at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sirdar: HMS Sirdar (Lt. J.A. Spender, RN) passed Lombok Strait Northbound.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (A/Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) was docked at Colombo.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturdy (ii): HMS Sturdy (T/Lt. F.A. Wicker, RNVR) is put back in the water.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sleuth: HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN) arrived at Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Solent: HMS Solent (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Aden for Trincomalee. This was later changed to Colombo.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spur: HMS Spur (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN) departed her builders yard for Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. E.D. Norman, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tactician: HMS Tactician (Lt.Cdr. L.N.A. Jewell, DSC, MBE, RN) departed from Sheerness for Dundee. She returns shortly after leaving due to thick fog.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (A/Lt.Cdr. P.E. Newstead, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thorough: HMS Thorough (Lt. A.G. Chandler, RNR) sank three sailing vessels with gunfire of the west coast of Siam. (All times are zone -6.5) 1603 hours - Surfaced in position 13°27'N, 98°05'E to engage a junk. Opened fire with the Oerlikon from 3000 yards. 7 Rounds of 4" were also fired causing damage. 1615 hours - Proceeded alongside. Took on board the crew of 4 and 3 passengers. Placed demolition charges. 1628 hours - The junk blew up and foundered in position 13°26'N, 98°12'E. 1740 hours - About 15 sailing vessels were seen coast crawling to the North. Closed. 1812 hours - Opened fire on the largest of these craft (a 30 tons schooner). 14 Rounds were fired for 5 hits. 1820 hours - The schooner was seen to sink, bow first in position 13°41'N, 98°05'E. The crew had already abandoned ship. 1822 hours - Shifted fire to another schooner about half a mile astern. After 8 rounds this schooner beached itself on the rocks in position 13°41'N, 98°06'E. She was considered a total loss. Meanwhile all the other vessels had beached themselves. 1835 hours - Proceeded North. 1954 hours - Sighted a dark shape. On closing this was found to be a 12 tons junk. Transferred all but 2 of the survivors on board to this junk and allowed them to proceed after removing the ships papers.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tiptoe: HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trump: HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Quesnel (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.M. Laing, RCNR) and HMCS Belleville (T/Lt. J.E. Korning, RCNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruly: HMS Unruly (T/Lt. D.J. Palmer, RNVR) and HMS Unsparing (Lt. J.M.C. Fenton, DSC, RN) both departed Rothesay for Tobermory. They were escorted by HMS Peterhead (Lt. D.P. Croom-Johnson, DSC, RNVR). The submarines arrived at Tobermory later the same day.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. J.P. Harvey, RN) conducted independent exercises in the Clyde area.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J.S. Pearce, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Dart (Cdr. J.T. Jones, RD, RNR) and HMS Jewel (???).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Vitality (Lt. W.T.J. Fox, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. R.A.A.C. Ward, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. R. Westlake, RNVR) conducted special trials in the Clyde area.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS S-11: USS S-11 departed Key West, Florida for New London, Connecticut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (T/Lt. P.C.S. Pritchard, RNR) shifted from Port HHX to Kames Bay. She made the passage towing X-craft X 23. They were escorted by HMS Alecto (Cdr.(Retd.) E.S. Felton, RN).

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