Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (32)
1918: Destroyer tender Altair (AD 11)
1926: River gunboat Oahu (PR-6)
1940: Minesweeper Transcona (J 271)
1941: Landing Craft Tank LCT 342 (LCT 342)
1943: Frigate Shoalhaven (K 535) - High speed transport John P. Gray (APD 74) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-542 (LCI(L)-542) - Landing craft tank LCT 610 (LCT 610) - Landing craft tank LCT 708 (LCT 708) - Landing craft tank LCT 948 (LCT 948) - Landing craft tank LCT 949 (LCT 949) - Tank landing ship LST 612 (LST 612)
1944: Landing craft support LCS(L)-96 (LCS(L)-96) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-97 (LCS(L)-97) - Landing craft tank LCT 1389 (LCT 1389) - Medium landing ship LSM 397 (LSM 397) - Medium landing ship LSM 398 (LSM 398) - Medium landing ship LSM 432 (LSM 432) - Tank landing ship LST 1134 (LST 1134) - Net tender Manayunk (AN 81) - Motor torpedo boat PT 598
1919: Destroyer MacLeish (DD 220)
1925: Submarine Galatée
1929: MS Trawler Pistruan (FY 1791)
1934: Escort Carrier Amastra
1936: Submarine L-10
1937: Destroyer Punjabi (F 21)
1941: MS Trawler Earraid (T 297) - Escort destroyer Hatherleigh (L 53) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 313 (LCT 313) - Corvette Potentilla (K 214) - MS Trawler Sir Galahad (T 226) - Frigate Spey (K 246) - Submarine United (P 44) - Corvette Potentilla (K 214) - Escort destroyer Kanaris (L 53) - Minesweeper YMS-125 (YMS-125) - Minesweeper YMS-129 (YMS-129) - Minesweeper YMS-130 (YMS-130) - Minesweeper YMS-133 (YMS-133)
1942: Minesweeper BYMS 2244 (J 1044) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-263 (LCI(L)-263) - Destroyer Escort Harold C. Thomas (DE 21) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-228 (LCI(L)-228) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-263 (LCI(L)-263) - Minesweeper YMS-244 (YMS-244)
1943: Destroyer Escort Jack W. Wilke (DE 800) - Landing craft tank LCT 608 (LCT 608) - Tank landing ship LST 59 (LST 59) - Patrol craft PC-1250 (PC-1250) - Patrol craft PC-811 (PC-811) - Patrol craft PCS-1378 (PCS-1378) - Destroyer Escort Shelton (i) (DE 407)
1945: Landing Craft Tank LCT 4005 (LCT 4005)
1917: Battleship Mississippi (BB 41)
1919: Minesweeper Lydd (J 44)
1940: Corvette Chambly (K 116) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 13 (LCT 13) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 14 (LCT 14) - Motor Launch ML 152 (ML 152) - Motor Launch ML 156 (ML 156) - Motor Launch ML 164 (ML 164) - Submarine M-33
1942: Minesweeper Wagga (J 315) - Boom defence vessel Barnard (Z 241) - Escort destroyer Brecon (L 76) - Landing craft tank LCT 396 (LCT 396) - Motor torpedo boat PT 90 - Submarine chaser SC-1023 (SC-1023)
1943: Frigate Barbados (K 504) - Destroyer Escort Janssen (DE 396) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-520 (LCI(L)-520) - Tank landing ship LST 494 (LST 494) - Tank landing ship LST 504 (LST 504) - Destroyer Morrison (DD 560) - Motor torpedo boat PT 497 - Minesweeper YMS-408 (YMS-408)
1944: Landing Craft Tank LCT 1212 (LCT 1212) - Frigate Loch Gorm (K 620) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 5001 (MTB 5001) - Submarine Turpin (P 354) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-64 (LCS(L)-64) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-86 (LCS(L)-86) - Medium landing ship LSM 296 (LSM 296) - Medium landing ship LSM 297 (LSM 297) - Tank landing ship LST 841 (LST 841) - Tank landing ship LST 867 (LST 867) - Tank landing ship LST 874 (LST 874) - Submarine Manta (299) - Motor torpedo boat PT 626 - High speed transport Yokes (APD 69)
1947: Submarine S-24
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 18 December (9)
1943: Minesweeper Felixstowe (J 126)
More information on Allied Warships losses.
General Events on 18 December
Light cruiser HMS Manchester: HMS Manchester (Capt. H.H. Bousfield, RN) conducted trials off Portsmouth. During the day, HMS Venomous (Lt.Cdr. D.G.F.W. MacIntyre, RN), made two practice torpedo attacks on the Manchester.
Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. H.M.L.F.E. van Oostrom Soede, RNN) shifted from Willemstad, Curacao to Oranjestad, Aruba.
Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Cdr. H.R. Conway, RN) conducted exercises off Malta together with HMS Capetown (Capt. T.H. Back, RN), HMS Vendetta (Lt.Cdr. G.L. Cant, RAN) and HMS Waterhen (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Swain, RN).
Submarine HMS Orpheus (i): HMS Orpheus (Cdr. C.J. Blake, RN) departed Colombo for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Chagos Archipelago. For the daily positions of HMS Orpheus during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Severn: At 0400 hours (zone +2), while in position 23°34'S, 33°24'W, HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. B.W. Taylor, RN), is ordered to make a sweep for the German tanker Altmark and then to return to Freetown. At 1600 hours, HMS Severn is ordered to proceed with despatch to position 14°30'S, 21°30'W. During the next two days Severn was ordered to proceed to several position to search for the German tanker but she was not sighted.
Submarine HMS Cachalot: HMS Cachalot (Lt.Cdr. S.W.F. Bennetts, RN) conducted exercises off Halifax. These included A/S exercises with HMS Hunter (Lt.Cdr. L. De Villiers, RN) and HMCS Restigouche (Lt.Cdr. W.B.L. Holms, RCN).
Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. D.E. Mansfield, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.F. Jenks, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.
Destroyer HMS Grenville (i): The British destroyers HMS Grenville (Capt. G.E. Creasy, MVO, RN), HMS Greyhound (Cdr. W.R. Marshall-A'Deane, RN), HMS Griffin (Lt.Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, RN) and the Polish destroyer Blyskawica (Lt.Cdr. J. Umecki, ORP) formed the escort of two British minelayers which conducted a night operation off the German coast. Mines were laid between Sylt Island and the harbour of Emden.
Heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire: For the daily positions of HMS Dorsetshire during the period of 18 to 26 December 1940 see the map below.
Heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire: HMS Dorsetshire (Capt. B.C.S. Martin, RN) arrived at Freetown from Simonstown. After fuelling, she and the light cruiser HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral J.H.D. Cunningham, CB, MVO, RN, the Vice-Admiral commanding 1st Cruiser Squadron) departed Freetown to patrol together in the mid-Atlantic near position 08°N, 21°W and then north and north-eastward to search for the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer.
Light cruiser HMS Manchester: HMS Nelson (Capt. Sir G.J.A. Miles, RN), HMS Hood (Capt. Sir I.G. Glennie, RN), HMS Repulse (Capt. Sir W.G. Tennant, CB, MVO, RN) and HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) departed Scapa Flow to conduct exercises west of the Orkneys. They were escorted by the destroyers HMS Cossack (Capt. P.L. Vian, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Sikh (Cdr. G.H. Stokes, RN), HMS Tartar (Cdr. L.P. Skipwith, RN), HMS Brilliant (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Brodrick, RN), HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN), HMS Beagle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Wright, RN), HMS Douglas (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Bowerman, RN), HMS Escapade (Cdr. R.E. Hyde-Smith, RN), HMS Electra (Lt.Cdr. S.A. Buss, MVO, RN) and HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. I.T. Clark, RN).
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) arrived off Mapia Island (Pulau Mapia), north of New Guinea. There she made rendez-vous with the Dutch merchant vessel Madoera (9360 GRT, built 1922) which she was to escort to 00°00'N, 165°00'E.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) departed Dundee for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the South-West coast of Norway near Bergen. For the daily positions of HrMs O 23 during this patrol see the map below. Ver HrMs O 23 5th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Marguerite (Lt.Cdr. A.N. Blundell, RNR) and HMS Lady Rosemary (T/Lt. G.H. Oldridge, RNR).
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with the Dutch torpedo boat HrMs Z 8 (Lt.Cdr. P.A. de Boer, RNN).
Submarine HMS Rover: HMS Rover (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, RN) departed her patrol area to return to Alexandria.
Submarine HMS Severn: HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. A.N.G. Campbell, RN) conducted exercises in Loch Long.
Submarine HMS Tuna: At 0430 hours, HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, DSO, RN), attacks the Italian submarine Brin (offsite link) with torpedoes and gunfire in the Bay of Biscay about 55 nautical miles east of the Gironde estuary in position 45°28'N, 02°27'W. The Italian submarine escapes unharmed. At 2314 hours, HMS Tuna, sank the French tug (in German service) Chassiron (172 GRT, built 1901) with gunfire about 25 nautical miles west-south-west of the Gironde estuary in position 45°28'N, 01°38'E. 0403 hours (time zone unknown, not mentioned in patrol report and no log available) Sighted a dark object bearing Green 3°. The object was soon indentified as a submarine conning tower. As HMS Usk was just 20 nautical miles to the North of Tuna and the silhouette resembled that of a U-class submarine a challenge was made. The reply was unreadable. As it was still thought it was Usk, The silhouette did not resemble an Italian submarine and a German U-boat was not expected in pass through this area, a second challenge was made. No reply came on the second challenge and the target turned away. 0430 hours - In position 45°28'N, 02°27'W fired six torpedoes from 1500 yards. The target was not hit, the torpedoes missed on either side. When it was seen that the torpedoes had missed gun action was ordered. After the third round it was thought that a hit was obtained. The enemy increased to full speed and ran for the Gironde. No more hits were obtained and as the enemy submarine was faster range soon increased. 0510 hours - Fired one torpedo but missed. 0520 hours - Fired another torpedo but missed again. Soon after a torpedo wake was sighted, the enemy had fired a stern torpedo but this also missed (according to Italian sources, Brin had fired two stern torpedoes). 0523 hours - A darkened object was reported bearing Red 120°. Almost simultaneously the enemy submarine was seen to make her identification signal. /it was thought that this new contact was the escort for the enemy submarine to the Gironde. Tuna turned away and dived to 200 feet. By HE it was noticed that there were two escort vessels in the area. They remained in the area to hunt Tuna but never made contact and no depth charges were dropped. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 2254 hours - An object was sighted bearing Red 20°. Course was altered towards. Started attack. The target was considered to be an A/S vessel. 2314 hours - In position 45°28'N, 01°38'E fired 2 torpedoes set to 4 feet. Range was 1200 yards. The first torpedo was seen to miss ahead. The second that was supposed to hit ran off track and missed astern. The enemy was now seen to be an armed tug. Gun action was ordered and hits were obtained quickly. 19 Rounds were fired for at least five hits. She was now left on fire fore and aft. She was also settling and down in the water. Tuna cleared the area to the South-West.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Eaden, DSC, RN, in temporary command as Lt. Brooks was sick, in fact he did not return to Upright) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Tripoli, Libya. For the daily positions of HMS Upright during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Usk (i): HMS Usk (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN) was ordered to continue her passage to Gibraltar.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Broke (Cdr. B.G. Scurfield, RN) and HMS La Malouine (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) R.W. Keymer, RN).
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. L.W. Napier, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay for repairs.
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. M. Willmott, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Holyhead with HMS Highlander (Cdr. W.A. Dallmeyer, RN) and HMS Wolverine (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Rowland, RN).
Light cruiser HMS Bonaventure: HMS Bonaventure (Capt. H.J. Egerton, RN) arrived at the Clyde.
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) and the destroyers HrMs Piet Hein (Lt.Cdr. J.M.L.I. Chompff, RNN) and HrMs Banckert (Lt.Cdr. L.J. Goslings, RNN). anchored in the Sampit Bay, south Borneo. HrMs De Ruyter (Cdr. E.E.B. Lacomblé, RNN and flagship of Rear-Admiral K.W.F.M. Doorman, RNN) had already left the formation at 1600 hours the previous day to return to Surabaya for repairs. In the afternoon destroyer Piet Hein went alongside and fuelled from the Tromp. Early the next day Tromp and destroyer Banckert fuelled from the tanker TAN 3 (3126 GRT, built 1928, former merchant tanker Djirak).
Submarine HNMS K XI: HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN) is ordered to patrol off the mouth of the Endau river.
Submarine HNMS K X: HrMs K X (Lt.Cdr. P.G. de Back, RNN) departed Surabaya for a short patrol in the Eastern entrance to Strait Madura.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. K. van Dongen, RNN) was undocked. She continued her refit at Dundee by the Caledon Dockyard.
Submarine USS Pompano: USS Pompano (Lt.Cdr. Lewis Smith Parks) left Pearl Harbor for her first war patrol, and was ordered to reconnoitre the eastern Marshall Islands.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) is forced to abandon her war patrol due to a serious leak aft and several other defects. Course is set to return to Rothesay escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).
Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt. R.S. Brookes, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): At Alexandria HMS Triumph (Lt. J.S. Huddart, RN) and HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO, DSC, RN) were brought alongside either side of the damaged battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. C.B. Barry, DSO, RN) to provide electricity for the salvage operations. Trusty leaves after a few hours but Triumph remains alongside until 22 December.
Submarine HMS Tempest: HMS Tempest (Lt.Cdr. W.A.K.N. Cavaye, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area during which HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN) served as target. These also included night exercises.
Submarine HMS Thorn: HMS Thorn (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Norfolk, RN) departed from Alexandria for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Greece. En-route to her patrol area she is to pass to the North of Crete. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Thorn during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Turbulent: HMS Turbulent (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Linton, DSC, RN) shifted from Arrochar to Holy Loch after having completed her torpedo discharge trials.
Submarine HMS Uproar: At 0320 hours (zone -2) HMS P 31 (Lt. J.B.de B. Kershaw, RN) arrived in a new position (39.05'N, 17.32'E). She formed a new patrol line together with HMS Unbeaten (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodward, RN) and ORP Sokol (Lt.Cdr. B. Karnicki, ORP).
Submarine HMS P 36: HMS P 36 (Lt. H.N. Edmonds, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth for passage to Gibraltar It had originally been intended for her to patrol in the Bay of Biscay and then to proceed to Gibraltar upon completion of the patrol but these orders were cancelled and she was ordered to proceed to Gibraltar directly. P 36 was to join the 10th submarine flotilla at Malta. For the daily positions of HMS P 36 during this passage see the map below.
Submarine HMS P 38: HMS P 38 (Lt. R.J. Hemingway, DSC, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Plymouth.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth.
Destroyer HMS Stanley: German U-boat U-434 was sunk in the North Atlantic north of Madeira, Portugal, in position 36°15'N, 15°48'W, by depth charges from the British escort destroyer HMS Blankney (Lt.Cdr. P.F. Powlett, DSC, RN) and the British destroyer HMS Stanley (Lt.Cdr. D.B. Shaw, OBE, RN).
Submarine USS S-36: USS S-36 (Lt. J.R. McKnight, Jr.) ended her 1st war patrol at Mariveles.
Submarine USS S-40: USS S-40 (Lt. N. Lucker, Jr.) ended her 1st war patrol at Manila Bay.
Submarine USSR ShCh-403: While on patrol of the Porsangerfjord, at 1919 hours, ShCh-403 fires four torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant. All torpedoes fired missed their target. 8 Minutes later, two torpedoes were fired against ' what is identified as ' an auxiliary patrol vessel. Once again the torpedoes missed their intended target.
Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises with HMCS Iroquois (Cdr. W.B.L. Holms, RCN). Iroquois was escorting HMS Ajax (Capt. J.J. Weld, MVO, RN) on which HrMs O 15 conducted practice attacks.
Submarine USS Mackerel: With her refit completed, USS Mackerel, departed the Portsmouth Navy Yard for New London, Connecticut.
Submarine USS Tambor: USS Tambor (Lt.Cdr. S.H. Ambruster) leaves Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Sunda Strait.
Submarine USS Searaven: USS Searaven (Lt.Cdr. H. Cassedy) departed from Fremantle for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Banda Sea, Ceram Sea, and off Palau.
Submarine USS Albacore: USS Albacore (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Lake) torpedoed and sank the Japanese light cruiser Tenryu (3948 tons) (offsite link) off Madang harbour, eastern New Guinea in position 05°12'S, 145°56'E, and attacked but misses the Japanese armed merchant cruiser Gokoku Maru (10438 GRT, offsite link) in position 05°10'S, 145°57'E. Albacore survives the counterattacks by the escorting destroyers Suzukaze and Isonami (both offsite links) but sustains severe damage.
Submarine USS Sunfish: USS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Peterson) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese Kyowa Maru (1917 GRT) off the south coast of Honshu, Japan in position 34°10'N, 136°52'E.
Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian auxiliary Piero Foscari (3423 GRT, built 1928) in the Gulf of Gaeta, Italy north-east of Ischia island in position 40°53'N, 13°39'E. She was escorting the merchants Orione (1144 GRT, built 1921) and Prode (1244 GRT, built 1903) from Naples to Civitavecchia. The Italian vessel was seriously damaged and was towed to Gaeta. (All times are zone -1) 1909 hours - Surfaced in position 317°, Imperatore Point, 9 nautical miles. Immediately on surfacing sighted one large and two small ships approaching from the south. Dived. Shortly afterwards the enemy was seen to be a merchant vessel of about 2500/3000 tons escorted by two E-boats. 1941 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1500 yards. One hit was heard after the correct running time. 1951 hours - Heard one single loud explosion, possibly a depth charge or a torpedo exploding at the end of her run. 2040 hours - Tapping was heard such as Rorqual was hunted. Set course to the north. Tapping gradually faded out.
Submarine HMS Sealion: HMS Sealion (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) was undocked at Kames Bay. She then returned to Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Safari: HMS P 211 (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSC, RN) sank the Italian sailing vessel Eufrasia C. (49 GRT, built 1897) with gunfire in the Gulf of Hammamet, Tunisia. She was on a trip from Trapani to Tripoli. (All times are zone -1 ? or -2 ?) 1448 hours - Surfaced in position 200°, Hammamet, 3 nautical miles and engaged a deeply laden southbound schooner from 600 yards. The 10th shot hit her aft and set off her cargo of petrol. P 211 then retired to seaward. Two men were observed escaping in a boat but it was believed the rest of the crew perished.
Submarine HMS Sahib: HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) was twice depth charged by enemy escort vessels West of Sicily, Italy. (All times are zone -1) 0017 hours - Saw two destroyers / torpedo boats approaching. Went to 80 feet. 0030 - 0200 hours - 37 Depth charges were dropped by the enemy but none were really close. 0255 hours - Nothing in sight so surfaced and proceeded. The attack was made by the Italian torpedo boat Orione on an A/S sweep with Cigno, Ardente and Sagittario, about 35 miles northeast of Bizerta. It was not directed at P.212 but at the wreck of the transport Sant’Antioco (sunk three days earlier by HMS P 46) which was mistaken for a submarine. ----------------------------------------- 1440 hours - Came to periscope depth in position 38°20'N, 11°58'E. Sighted 2 Partenope-class torpedo boats bearing 055°. Enemy course was 235°. Range was 7000 yards. Turned away and went to 80 feet. 1514 hours - One was heard coming up the Port side and one on the Starboard side. 1520 hours - A/S impulses were heard. 1527 hours - One of the destroyers / torpedo boats passed overhead. 1528 hours - A 6-charge pattern exploded unpleasantly close causing some minor damage. Went to 300 feet and altered course. 1535 hours - A 7-charge pattern was dropped. Not as close as before. 1545 hours - A 4-charge pattern was dropped. 1555 hours - A 5-charge pattern was dropped. 1615 hours - A 4-charge pattern was dropped. Every pattern became more distant. 1705 hours - No more A/S impulses were heard. 1810 hours - Surfaced and withdrew to the North-West. The attack was made by the torpedo boat Calliope. She was carrying an A/S sweep with her sister ship Perseo when her sonar revealed a good echo at 1525 in 38°24'N, 11°57'E. She proceeded with a systematic attack and dropped fifteen depth charges then left Perseo to carry on with more depth charging. However sea conditions were not favourable for the sonar and at 1645 hours, having lost contact, they resumed the A/S sweep.
Submarine HMS Shakespeare: HMS P 221 (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSC, RN) arrived at Portsmouth.
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO, RN) arrived at Fort Blockhouse, the submarine base at Portsmouth.
Submarine HMS Turbulent: HMS Turbulent (Cdr. J.W. Linton, DSO, DSC, RN) depart from Beirut for her 10th war patrol. She is to proceed to Malta and from their depart from for a patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Turbulent during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. T.S. Weston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Ardrishaig.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. P.C. Chapman, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) conducted independent exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. R.B. Forster, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS Radiant (T/Lt. C.S.R. Shapland, RNVR).
Destroyer HMS Caldwell: The Captain of HMS Caldwell, Lt. Cdr Eric Mackay D.S.C., R.D., RNR was not in his cabin when the forward bulkhead was stoved in by the wave that demolished the port wing of the bridge on the night of 16th December 1942. A signal was made to HMS Churchill for HMS Caldwell to return to St. John's. At 1400 on 18th December, the ship was engulfed by tons upon tons of seawater and lost main steering. The starboard wing of the bridge was folded up, the sea carrying away the whaler and davits. The secondary steering gear beyond the 12 pounder gun position was rendered useless. the scuttles in the Number One's cabin and the Wardroom were stoved in. The ship could not take another blow like the first two and was headed back into the Atlantic. On the morning of 19th the Chief Stoker was reported missing, presumed washed overboard. All through 19th & 20th HMS Caldwell steered 220. On 21st, still 400 miles out, fuel was critical. HMS Wanderer stood by until HMCS Skeena and an ocean tug arrived. Conditions deteriorated and fuel could not be passed and at 0800 the fires went out. On the night of 24th, the battered destroyer, frozen and lightless, secured to the dock at the end of a tow of 126 miles. By 27th December, the twin propellers were removed and at 1000 on 18th January the naval tug Foundation Franklin, took HMS Caldwell in tow for the 885 miles to Boston with HMCS Wasaga as escort. By noon the next day the weather changed and eventually the tow parted leaving HMS Caldell with 400 fathoms of 6" wire & 14" manila towline hanging from the bows. Heroic efforts to stream a sea anchor from the stern resulted in casualties. the seas became worse and by 1500 on 19th January, HMS Caldwell was alone. The 20th & 21st were nightmares. The tug St. Anne and HMS Salisbury had to turn back on the 20th due to heavy icing. On 21st, the tug William Moran and HMCS Columbia also could not help. Then 0900 on 22nd January HMCS Columbia found HMS Caldwell and tried to take the destroyer in tow using the 400 fathoms of existing towline. This not being possible, another towline was passed but it was fed out too fast and fouled HMCS Columbia's props. Then HMCS Wasaga returned on station and succeeded in passing a towline and with HMCS Columbia, props cleared, as escort. The new tow parted at 1500 and HMCS Wasaga was in trouble with the wire threatening to foul the props. HMSC Columbia passed another wire and Captain Mackay shackled the cable eye to the wire hanging over the bow. By this method 90 fathoms of 6" wire were brought into service with the remaining 330 fathoms acting as a spring. At 1300 on 24th January they all made Halifax. At 1300 on 27th January, the tug Black Chief took HMS Caldwell in tow. Again the weather turned bad and the pair of ships spent an awful night hove to off Shelburne on the SE coast of Nova Scotia. Reaching harbour the next day 24 hours rest passed and they set out again at snail's pace. The weather was so bad and cold the U-boats remained submerged. On the night of 31st Boston was reached and on 3rd February HMS Caldwell was secured by two tugs at the Atlantic shipyards of Bethlehem Steel. Lt Cdr Mackay was give a shore appointment in Boston and seven months later became Captain of HMS Braithwaite.
Escort destroyer ORP Krakowiak: ORP Krakowiak picks up 55 survivors from the British merchant Bretwalda that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-563 about 330 nautical miles west-north-west of Cape Finisterre in position 44°35'N, 16°28'W.
Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Laughon, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. E.D`H. Haskins, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN) shifted to Naval Operating Base Norfolk.
Submarine HNMS Zeehond: Early in the morning HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) set course to return to the U.K. So far she had been making the passage in very bad weather which resulted in a very high fuel consumption. There was now not enough fuel on board to reach St. Johns.
Submarine USS Grayback: USS Grayback (Lt.Cdr. J.A. Moore) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant Gyokurei Maru (5588 GRT) east-north-east of Naha, Okinawa in position 26°30'N, 128°19'E.
Submarine USS Bashaw: USS Bashaw conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Flounder: With her torpedo trials completed, USS Flounder (Cdr. C.A. Johnson, USN) retured to New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.
Submarine USS Cabrilla: USS Cabrilla (Cdr. D.T. Hammond, USN) lays mines off Saracen Bay, Cambodia, French Indo-China.
Submarine USS Apogon: USS Apogon (Cdr. W.P. Schoeni, USN) ended her 1st war patrol at Midway. She commenced refit by USS Bushnell.
Submarine USS Burrfish: USS Burrfish (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Perkins, Jr., USN) arrived in the Panama Canal Zone from Key West, Florida.
Submarine USS Sand Lance: USS Sand Lance (Lt.Cdr. M.E. Garrison, USN) departed New London, Connecticut for the Philadelphia Navy Yard.
Submarine HMS Stubborn: HMS Stubborn (Lt. A.A. Duff, RN) attacked an enemy convoy about 10 nautical miles North-East of Kya, Norway. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone -1) 1110 hours - In position 64°36'N, 10°33'E sighted a convoy bearing 085°. Enemy course was 230°, speed 8 knots. Started attack. The convoy was seen to consist of 4 merchant vessel of 1500 to 3000 tons and was escorted by 2 trawlers. 1147 hours - Fired 4 torpedoes at the leading ship, a merchant vessel of about 3000 tons, range was 3500 yards. Went to 120 feet after firing. No hits were obtained. A torpedo explosion was heard after about 8 minutes. No depth charges were dropped following this attack.
Submarine HMS Syrtis: HMS Syrtis (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) conducted attack exercises together with HMS Valiant (Capt. G.E.M. O’Donnell, DSO, RN) as the target.
Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) left dock.
Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).
Submarine HMS Taurus: Between 18 and 22 December 1943 HMS Taurus (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, DSO, DSC, RN) carries out a special operation (details to follow).
Submarine HMS Telemachus: HMS Telemachus (Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Holy Loch. She made the passage south together with HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN), HMS Ursula (Lt. A.G. Davies, RN) and HMS Uther (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN). They were escorted by HMS Sardonyx (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR).
Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) claims the sinking of a barge near Cape Sicie, France. [update July 2016, with thanks to Adrien Abraham (FR)]The targets were in fact the German auxiliary minesweepers M 6024 and M 6030. They sighted two torpedo tracks at 1530. (All times are zone -1) 1505 hours - Sighted a barge (of about 250 tons) to the north-west steering 120° towards Cape Sicie. The barge was about 1/4 mile off the shore. Started attack. 1528 hours - In position 43°03'3"N, 05°48'2"E fired two torpedoes from 1000 yards. A torpedo was seen to hit the barge after 50 seconds. The target disintegrated.
Submarine HMS Unsparing: HMS Unsparing (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Universal: HMS Universal (Lt. C. Gordon, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant (under German control) La Foce (2497 GRT, built 1921) south of Chiavari, Genoa, Italy in position 44°15'N, 09°18'E. La Foce had eighteen missing, thirty-one survivors were picked up (eleven crew and twenty flak members). She was in company with Alma (598 GRT, built 1905) and Georgia (797 GRT, built 1920) [German records indicate Giorgio but this is probably an error]. They were escorted by the German auxiliary submarine chasers UJ 2208 and UJ 2211. They were on passage from Piombino to Genoa. (All times are zone -1) 1000 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 124°. Closed to investigate. 1044 hours - Started attack on a convoy made up of a 5000 tons tanker and a 4000 tons merchant vessel that were escorted by three A/S trawlers, one UJ boat and three AA-barges. 1125 hours - In position 44°13'N, 09°22'E fired four torpedoes at the tanker from 2700 yards. Two explosions were heard about one minute after firing. 1127 hours - Went to 100 feet and took avoiding action. 1130 hours - Depth charging started. In the next 40 minutes a total of 43 depth charges were counted dropped in 5 patterns. 1308 hours - Heard breaking up noises. Universal was hunted for several hours but the enemy never gained contact on her.
Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises with ML's off Ardrishaig.
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay.
Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt.Cdr. N.D. Gage, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. W.L. Fey, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS S-12: USS S-12 arrived in the Panama Canal Zone from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Submarine FR Perlé: Perlé arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard from Bermuda for a refit.
Destroyer USS Allen M. Sumner: USS Allen M. Sumner (Cdr. N.J. Sampson) arrived at Leyte.
Destroyer USS Ault: After training USS Ault (Cdr. J.C. Wylie, Jr.) departed from Pearl Harbor for the western Pacific.
Destroyer USS Walke (ii): USS Walke returns to San Pedro Bay.
Escort carrier USS Altamaha (ii): By early morning on the 18th December 1944, Altamaha had been hit by a raging typhoon while performing transfer operations in the Philippine Sea. By 0900, the escort carrier was labouring heavily and rolling as much as 25 to 30 degrees to either side. An hour later, visibility dropped to zero, and the vessel abandoned all effort to keep station. Almost one-half of the aircraft on board Altamaha broke loose and plunged overboard. The ship also experienced problems with flooding in the forward elevator pit. Many ships, including the Altamaha were heavily damaged, and some even sunk. No personnel were lost aboard the Altamaha.
Submarine HNMS K XI: From 18 to 23 December 1944, HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. P.G. de Back, RNN), participated in A/S exercises off Varsova, near Bombay.
Submarine HNMS O 19: HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout van Hooff, RNN) departed Fremantle for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Java Sea and to lay a minefield to the west of Batavia. Before proceeding on patrol, 40 mines were loaded at Woodlands Point and at sea exercises were carried out with the Australian minesweeper/corvette HMAS Warrnambool (Lt.Cdr. (emergency) E.J.B. Wight, RAN). For positions during this patrol see the map below. The map is unfortunately incomplete as no log is available for this period.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt. F.J. Kroesen, RNN) arrived at New London for a period of trials and training.
Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) shifted from Leith to Dundee. She was escorted by HMS ML 229 (T/Lt. W.C.R. Walsh, RNVR).
Submarine USS Hackleback: USS Hackleback (Lt.Cdr. F.E. Janney, USN) departed New London, Connecticut for Key West, Florida.
Submarine USS Chub: USS Chub (Cdr. C.D. Rhymes, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Brill: USS Brill (Cdr. H.B. Dodge, USN) conducted exercises in Panama Bay together with USS Paul Jones (Lt.Cdr. H.M. Payne, USNR), USS Barker (Lt. H. Smith, USNR) and USS MacLeish (Lt. D.S. Cramer, USNR).
Submarine HMS Turpin: HMS Turpin (A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Stevens, DSO and Bar, DSC, RN) conducted speed trials on the Arran measured mile.
Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (A/Lt.Cdr. H.B. Turner, DSC, RN) ended her 22th war patrol (3rd in the Far East) at Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Sea Rover: HMS Sea Rover (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) is put on the slipway at Fremantle. A false bow was created to enable the passage to the U.K. only the lowest torpedo tubes on both sides could be fired in this condition.
Submarine HMS Shakespeare: During 18 and 19 December 1944 HMS Shakespeare (Lt. D. Swanston, DSC and Bar, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee. These included night exercises.
Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E.P. Young, DSO, DSC, RNVR) made a torpedo attack on an escorted merchant vessel in the Macassar Strait. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone -8) 1752 hours - In position 00°34'N, 118°35'E sighted masts and funnel of a small merchant ship bearing 090° and also smoke of another vessel astern. Altered course and closed. Soon it was seen to be a convoy of a merchant vessel of about 1000 tons escorted by three smaller vessels. 1842 hours - Fired three torpedoes from about 4000 yards. No hits were obtained. No counter attack followed.
Submarine HMS Spirit: HMS Spirit (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) was put back in the water.
Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSO and Bar, DSC and Bar, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) conducts A/S exercises with HMS Zest (Lt.Cdr. R.B.N. Hicks, DSO, RN).
Submarine HMS Taciturn: HMS Taciturn (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Stanley, DSO, DSC, RN) proceeded to Larne upon completion of her night exercises.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Bermuda with HMCS Lachute (T/Lt. R.G. Hatrick, DSC, RCNVR) and HMCS Sault Ste Marie (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A. Moorhouse, RCNR).
Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. J.N. Devlin, DSC, RN) shifted from Larne to Rothesay.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS Unruffled (T/Lt. A.H. MacCoy, DSC, SANF(V)) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.
Submarine HMS Unruly: HMS Unruly (T/Lt. D.J. Palmer, RNVR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area.
Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Vitality (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Alnwick Castle (A/Lt.Cdr. H.A. Stonehouse, DSC, RNR) and HMS Amberley Castle (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R. Edwards, RNVR).
Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS Varangian: HMS Varangian (Lt. A.J. Sumption, DSC, RNVR) shifted from Campbeltown to Larne.
Submarine HMS Unswerving: HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) departed Malta for Alexandria.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. R.C. Bucknall, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Radiant (T/A/Lt.Cdr. C.S.R. Shapland, RNVR) and HMS L' Atlantique (A/Skr.Lt. G.T. Nilley, DSC, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. W.T.J. Fox, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR).
Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt. W.A. Schoenfeld, USN) departed Bermuda for New London, Connecticut.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine FR Le Centaure: Le Centaure departed the Philadelphia Navy Yard for New London, Connecticut, USA.
Submarine chaser USS SC-1314: Sc-1314 Muster Rolls show the ship stationed at Amphibious Forces Pacific Fleet for training at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Submarine IT Marea: Marea arrived at Key West, Florida, USA from Port Everglades, Florida, USA for a routine docking.
Tank landing ship USS LST 711: Arrive in Hollandia, New Guinea