USS Boise (CL 47)
Light cruiser of the Brooklyn class
|Navy||The US Navy|
|Built by||Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. (Newport News, Virginia, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||1 Apr 1935|
|Launched||3 Dec 1936|
|Commissioned||12 Aug 1938|
|End service||1 Jul 1946|
In February 1939, following a shakedown cruise to Monrovia, Liberia; and Cape Town, Union of South Africa, Boise joined Division 9, Cruisers, Battle Force, at San Pedro, California. Until November 1941 she operated alternately off the west coast and in Hawaiian waters. She then escorted a convoy to Manila, Philippine Islands, arriving 4 December 1941.
The outbreak of war in the Philippines found Boise off Cebu. She joined TF 5 in the East Indies, but on 21 January 1942 Boise (Captain Stephen Boutwell Robinson) struck an uncharted shoal in Sape Strait and had to retire to Colombo, Ceylon and later Bombay, India and finally Mare Island Navy Yard for repairs. Her repairs completed, she sailed on 22 June 1942 to escort a convoy to Auckland, New Zealand. She then returned to Pearl Harbor and during 31 July-10 August 1942 conducted a raiding cruise in Japanese waters as a feint to draw attention away from the Guadalcanal landings. In August she escorted a convoy to the Fiji and New Hebrides Islands. During 14-18 September she helped cover the landing of Marine reinforcements on Guadalcanal. However during the Battle of Cape Esperance (Captain Edward Joseph Moran, USN) she was badly damaged by Gunfire and incurred casualties of 107 killed and 32 wounded. She made her way to Philadelphia Navy Yard where she underwent extensive repairs from 19 November 1942 till 20 March 1943.
Boise departed 8 June 1943 for the Mediterranean, arriving at Algiers, Algeria on 21 June. Between 10 July and 18 August 1943 she acted as a cover and fire support ship during the landings in Sicily. In September she took part in the Italian mainland landings at Taranto (9-10 September). She returned to New York 15 November 1943 and once again steamed to the South Pacific, arriving at Milne Bay, New Guinea, 31 December.
During January-September 1944 she took part in operations along the northern shore of New Guinea, including: Madang-Alexishafen bombardment (25-26 January); Humboldt Bay landings (22 April); Wakde-Sawar bombardment (29-30 April); Wakde-Toem landings (15-25 May); Biak landings (25 May-10 June); Noemfoor landings (1-2 July); Cape Sansapor landings (27 July-31 August); and the occupation of Morotai (1-30 September). The cruiser moved northward as the battle front advanced into the Philippines taking part in: Leyte invasion (20-24 October); Battle of Surigao Strait (25 October); Mindoro landings (12-17 December); Leyte-Mindoro covering action (26-29 December); Lingayen Gulf landings, with General D. MacArthur embarked (9-13 January 1945); Luzon covering force (14-31 January); Bataan-Corregidor occupation (13-17 February); and Zamboanga landings (8-12 March). She then moved to Borneo for the Tarakan landings (27 April-3 May). During 3-16 June she carried General MacArthur on a 35,000 mile tour of the Central and Southern Philippines and Brunei Bay, Borneo, and then returned to San Pedro, California arriving on 7 July.
The cruiser remained in the San Pedro area undergoing overhaul and training until October. She sailed 3 October for the east coast, arriving at New York 20 October. Boise remained there until she was decommissioned 1 July 1946.
She was sold to Argentina on 11 January 1951 and was renamed Neuve de Julio in 1955, the cruiser was an active unit of the Argentine Navy until 1978 and was sold for scrapping in 1981.
Commands listed for USS Boise (CL 47)
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|1||Capt. Benjamin Vaughan McCandlish, USN||12 Aug 1938||28 Aug 1940|
|2||Capt. Stephan Boutwell Robinson, USN||28 Aug 1940||28 Jan 1942|
|3||T/Capt. Edward Joseph Moran, USN||28 Jan 1942||23 Mar 1943|
|4||T/R.Adm. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN||23 Mar 1943||25 Sep 1943|
|5||Capt. John Summerfield Roberts, USN||25 Sep 1943||28 Nov 1944|
|6||T/Cdr. Thomas Michael Wolverton, USN||28 Nov 1944||6 Dec 1944|
|7||T/Capt. Willard Merrill Downes, USN||6 Dec 1944||31 Aug 1945|
|8||T/Capt. Charles Clifford Hartman, USN||31 Aug 1945|
|9||T/Capt. Charles Clifford Hartman, USN||31 Aug 1945|
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Notable events involving Boise include:
8 Sep 1943
Landing of troops at Taranto following the Italian armistice.
Around 1545/8, the light cruisers HMS Aurora (Commodore W.G. Agnew, CB, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN), HMS Dido (Capt. J. Terry, RN), HMS Sirius (Capt. P.W.B. Brooking, RN), USS Boise (T/Rear-Admiral T.H. Thebaud, USN) and the fast minelayer HMS Abdiel (Capt. D. Orr-Ewing, DSO, RN) departed Bizerta for Taranto. These cruisers and the minelayer had troops on board as well as stores and vehicles.
Around 0630/9, they joined the battleships HMS Howe (Capt. C.H.L. Woodhouse, CB, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral A.J. Power, CB, CVO, RN) and HMS King George V (Capt. T.E. Halsey, DSO, RN) which had departed Malta around 2200/8 with the destroyers HMS Jervis (Capt. J.S. Crawford, DSO, RN), HMS Paladin (Lt. E.A.S. Bailey DSC, MBE, RN), HMS Panther (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Jocelyn, RN), HMS Pathfinder (Cdr. E.A. Gibbs, DSO and 3 Bars, RN), HMS Penn (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Swain, DSO, RN) and HMS Wishart (Lt. J.A. Holdsworth, RN).
Around 1315/9, the escort destroyers HMS Aldenham (Lt.Cdr. H.A. Stuart-Menteth, RN), HMS Croome (Lt. H.D.M. Slater, RN), HMS Hurworth (Cdr. R.H. Wright, DSC, RN) and RHS Kanaris joined coming from Sousse (via Malta) from where they had sailed on the 8th. They had on board a port party for Taranto.
Around 1630/9, the minesweepers HMS Hazard (Lt.Cdr. L.C. Smith, RN), HMS Hebe (Lt.Cdr. G. Mowatt, RD, RNR), HMS Sharpshooter (Lt.Cdr. W.L. O'Mara, DSC, RN) and HMS BYMS 2012 (T/A/Skr.Lt. C.J. Watson, RNR) joined. These ships had also departed Malta on the 8th. Around the same time HMS King George V with HMS Panther, Pathfinder, HMS Penn and HMS Wishart parted company. These ships were to remain at sea.
In the evening all the other ships entered the harbour of Taranto where the troops, port party, stores and vehicles were disembarked.
Troops were then to be disembarked, however, on 10 September, shortly after midnight, HMS Abdiel was mined and sunk with heavy loss of life inside the harbour before she had been able to disembark her troops.
10 Sep 1943
Around 0700/10, HMS Aurora (Commodore W.G. Agnew, CB, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN), HMS Dido (Capt. J. Terry, RN), HMS Sirius (Capt. P.W.B. Brooking, RN) and USS Boise (T/Rear-Admiral T.H. Thebaud, USN) departed Taranto after disembaring their troops, stores and vehicles.
Course was set to return to Bizerta where they arrived around 1100/11. (1)
- ADM 53/116993 + ADM 53/117379 + ADM 53/118343 + ADM 53/118558 + logbook of USS Boise
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.
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