HMS Circassia (F 91)
Armed Merchant Cruiser
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Type||Armed Merchant Cruiser|
|Class||[No specific class]|
|Built by||Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. (Govan, Scotland)|
|Launched||8 Jun 1937|
|Commissioned||20 Dec 1939|
|End service||5 Mar 1942|
On 14 October 1939 the passenger ship Circassia of the Anchor Line (Henderson Bros) Ltd, Glasgow was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 20 December 1939.
Displacement: 11136 BRT
On 5 March 1942 returned and used as troopship by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). 1943 converted to a landing ship LSI(L). 1947 returned to owner.
Commands listed for HMS Circassia (F 91)
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|1||Capt. (retired) Henry Gerard Laurence Oliphant, DSO, RN||18 Oct 1939||12 Nov 1940|
|2||Capt. (retired) Bertram William Lothian Nicholson, DSO, RN||12 Nov 1940||Jan 1941|
|3||A/Capt. Eric Vernon Lees, RN||Jan 1941||Mar 1942|
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Notable events involving Circassia include:
13 Feb 1940
HMS Kelvin (Lt.Cdr. J.L. Machin, RN), HMS Khartoum (Cdr. D.T. Dowler, RN), HMS Kandahar (Cdr. W.G.A. Robson, RN) and HMS Kingston (Lt.Cdr. P. Somerville, DSO, RN) departed the Clyde to make rendez-vous with HMS Circassia (Capt.(Retd.) H.G.L. Oliphant, DSO, RN) off the Northern Patrol to the south of Iceland / west of the Faroer Islands. (1)
16 Feb 1940
Between 1225 and 1306 hours, HMS Kelvin (Lt.Cdr. J.L. Machin, RN), HMS Khartoum (Cdr. D.T. Dowler, RN) and HMS Kandahar (Cdr. W.G.A. Robson, RN), joined the armed merchant cruiser HMS Circassia (Capt.(Retd.) H.G.L. Oliphant, DSO, RN) on the northern patrol. (2)
24 Feb 1940
HMS Khartoum (Cdr. D.T. Dowler, RN) and HMS Kingston (Lt.Cdr. P. Somerville, DSO, RN) departed Scapa Flow for the Northern Patrol but they were later diverted to proceed to the south of the Faroer Islands. They were to join HMS Gurkha (Cdr. A.W. Buzzard, RN) already operating in the area.
Later this day HMS Khartoum and HMS Kingston made rendez-vous with the Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Circassia (Capt.(Retd.) H.G.L. Oliphant, DSO, RN). (1)
- ADM 199/362
- ADM 53/111800
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.