Allied Warships

HMS Latona (M 76)

Minelayer of the Abdiel class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeMinelayer
ClassAbdiel 
PennantM 76 
Built byThornycroft (Southampton, U.K.) 
Ordered23 Dec 1938 
Laid down4 Apr 1939 
Launched20 Aug 1940 
Commissioned4 May 1941 
Lost25 Oct 1941 
Loss position32° 15'N, 24° 14'E
History

Notes on loss: HMS Latona (Capt. Stuart Latham Bateson, RN) was taking part in Operation "Cultivate", the purpose of which was to replace the 9th Australian Division garrisoning Tobruk with British soldiers. After transporting 150 tons of cargo and 25 men to the fortress, she embarked 450 troops and set out for Alexandria, escorted by British destroyers HMS Hero (Cdr. H.W. Biggs, DSO, RN), HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St.J. Morgan,RN) and HMS Hotspur (Lt. T.D. Herrick, DSC, RN)

In the evening of 25 Ocotber she was about 20 nautical miles north of Ras Azzaz, and at 2105 hours Latona sustained a bomb hit in the after engine room, dropped by a plane unseen in the darkness. At that time, the British ship had been taken under attack by a group of 10 German Stuka from I/St,G.1 belonging to the Fliegerführer Afrika and 2 Italian S.79 3-engined bombers belonging to the 279th Torpedo Sqn, 5th Air Fleet. The formation was under the overall command of Italian Air Force Lt. Guglielmo Ranieri and Sub.Lt Aligi Strani. Both Italians and Germans believed to have scored hits, but were unable to ascertain for sure. In reality, as confirmed from British sources, the damage to Latona, was caused by a 500-kg bomb dropped from close range by a Stuka piloted by Major Sorge, who was able to witness the fireball at the stern of his target immediately after releasing. A second bomb, dropped by Sub.Lt Steinhagen, near-missed destroyer Hero, causing her severe damage, while she was alongside Latona, which had gone dead in the water due to destruction of the after engine room. Aboard Latona, which remained afloat for another 2 hours, there was a further heavy explosion, caused by the ammunition on deck, touched by a fire started by the hit. Abandoned by crew and passengers, Latona was scuttled by a torpedo from Encounter, sinking at 2230 hours in position 32º15'N, 25º14'E.

In the sinking of Latona 4 officers, 16 crew and 7 Australian soldiers lost their life. The survivors, including 4 badly wounded, were rescued by Hero and Encounter.

 

Commands listed for HMS Latona (M 76)

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CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Stuart Latham Bateson, RN15 Jan 194125 Oct 1941

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Notable events involving Latona include:


26 Jun 1941
The battleships HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. C.B. Barry, DSO, RN), HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher, CBE, RN), HMS Valiant (Capt. C.E. Morgan, DSO, RN), light cruiser HMS Ajax (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, RN), fast minelayer HMS Abdiel (Capt. E. Peydell-Bouverie, MVO, RN) and the destroyers HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. G.L. Farnfield, RN), HMS Griffin (Lt.Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, DSO, RN), HMS Hasty (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMS Hero (Cdr. H.W. Biggs, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Jaguar (Lt.Cdr. J.F.W. Hine, RN), HMS Kandahar (Cdr. W.G.A. Robson, DSO, RN) and HMS Kimberley (Lt.Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for exercises between Alexandria and Port Said.

HMS Warspite was later detached to Port Said. She was to proceed to the USA for repairs and refit. She was escorted to Port Said by HMS Griffin, HMS Kandahar and HMS Kimberley. After delivering the battleship at Port Said, Griffin and Kandahar proceeded to Haifa to operate off the Syrian coast while Kimberley rejoined the Fleet.

The light cruiser HMS Phoebe (Capt. G. Grantham, RN) and the fast minelayer HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) also joined the Fleet for the exercises.

The Fleet returned to Alexandria the next day (27th). (1)

18 Jul 1941
The battleships HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. C.B. Barry, DSO, RN), HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher, CBE, RN), HMS Valiant (Capt. C.E. Morgan, DSO, RN), light cruiser HMS Phoebe (Capt. G. Grantham, RN) and the destroyers HMS Hasty (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMS Havock (Lt. G.R.G. Watkins, RN), HMS Jackal (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, DSC, RN), HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St. Clair-Ford, RN) and HMAS Nizam (Lt.Cdr. M.J. Clark, RAN) departed Alexandria for exercises. At sea they were joined by the fast minelayers HMS Abdiel (Capt. E. Peydell-Bouverie, MVO, RN) and HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) which had already departed Alexandria for exercises the previous day. (1)

19 Jul 1941
Having completed their exercises, the battleships HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. C.B. Barry, DSO, RN), HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher, CBE, RN), HMS Valiant (Capt. C.E. Morgan, DSO, RN), light cruiser HMS Phoebe (Capt. G. Grantham, RN), fast minelayer HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the destroyers HMS Hasty (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMS Havock (Lt. G.R.G. Watkins, RN), HMS Jackal (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, DSC, RN), HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St. Clair-Ford, RN) and HMAS Nizam (Lt.Cdr. M.J. Clark, RAN) returned to Alexandria around noon. (1)

22 Jul 1941
Around 2100 hours, the Mediterranean Fleet, made up of the battleships HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. C.B. Barry, DSO, RN), HMS Valiant (Capt. C.E. Morgan, DSO, RN), light cruisers HMS Naiad (Capt. M.H.A. Kelsey, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral E.L.S. King, CB, MVO, RN), HMS Phoebe (Capt. G. Grantham, RN), HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN), fast minelayers HMS Abdiel (Capt. E. Peydell-Bouverie, MVO, RN), HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the destroyers HMS Griffin (Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, DSO, RN), HMS Hasty (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMS Havock (Lt. G.R.G. Watkins, RN), HMS Jackal (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, DSC, RN), HMS Kimberley (Cdr. J.S.M. Richardson, DSO, RN), HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St. Clair-Ford, RN) and HMAS Nizam (Lt.Cdr. M.J. Clark, RAN) departed Alexandria to proceed to a position to the west of Crete.

Earlier that day the light cruisers HMS Ajax (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, DSO, RN), HMNZS Leander (Capt. R.H. Bevan, RN) and the destroyers HMS Jervis (Capt. P.J. Mack, DSO, RN), HMS Jaguar (Lt.Cdr. J.F.W. Hine, RN), HMS Kandahar (Cdr. W.G.A. Robson, DSO, RN) and HMS Kingston (Lt.Cdr. P. Somerville, DSO, DSC, RN) had departed Haifa to rendez-vous with the fleet at 0600/23.

At daylight on 23 July the AA cruiser HMS Carlisle (A/Cdr. W. Pope, RN) also joined the fleet.

After dark on 23 July the fleet turned eastwards. HMS Neptune, HMS Abdiel and HMS Kimberley were then detached with orders to proceed to Port Said where they arrived on 24 July.

On the 24th HMNZS Leander was also detached with orders to proceed to Port Said where she arrived on 25 July.

Also on the 24th HMS Latona, HMS Jervis, HMS Jaguar and HMS Kandahar were detached to proceed towards Alexandria for escort duty.

The bulk of the fleet returned to Alexandria on 25 July. (1)

20 Aug 1941
The fast minelayer HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the destroyers HMS Kingston (Lt.Cdr. P. Somerville, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St.Clair Ford, RN) and HMAS Nizam (Lt.Cdr. M.J. Clark, RAN) departed Alexandria with troops and supplies for Tobruk. Cover was provided by the light cruisers HMS Ajax (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, DSO, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral H.B. Rawlings, OBE, RN) and HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN).

All ships returned to Alexandria on the 21st. (1)

24 Aug 1941
The fast minelayer HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the destroyers HMS Griffin (Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, DSO, RN), HMS Kingston (Lt.Cdr. P. Somerville, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Kipling (Cdr. A. St.Clair Ford, RN) departed Alexandria with troops and supplies for Tobruk. Cover was provided by the light cruisers HMS Ajax (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, DSO, RN) and HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN).

All ships returned to Alexandria on the 25th. (1)

28 Aug 1941
The fast minelayer HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) and the destroyers HMAS Napier (Capt. S.H.T. Arliss, RN), HMS Jackal (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, DSC, RN) and HMS Decoy (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Alliston, RN) departed Alexandria for Tobruk. They were covered by the light cruisers HMS Ajax (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, DSO, RN) and HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN).

All ships returned to Alexandria on the 29th. (1)

10 Sep 1941
HMS Barham (Capt. G.C. Cooke, RN), HMS Abdiel (Capt. E. Peydell-Bouverie, MVO, RN), HMS Latona (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN), HMAS Napier (Capt. S.H.T. Arliss, RN) and HMAS Nizam (Lt.Cdr. M.J. Clark, RAN) conducted exerises off Alexandria. (1)

Sources

  1. ADM 199/415

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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