Allied Warships

HMS Spartan (95)

Light cruiser of the Bellona class


HMS Spartan in August 1943

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeLight cruiser
ClassBellona 
Pennant95 
Built byVickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.) 
Ordered4 Sep 1939 
Laid down21 Dec 1939 
Launched27 Aug 1942 
Commissioned10 Aug 1943 
Lost29 Jan 1944 
Loss position41° 26'N, 12° 41'E
History

HMS Spartan (Capt. Patrick Vivian McLaughlin, RN) was sunk by a glider bomb from a German aircraft off Anzio, western Italy in position 41º26'2"N, 12º41'2'E.  

Commands listed for HMS Spartan (95)

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CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Patrick Vivian McLaughlin, RNMay 194329 Jan 1944

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Notable events involving Spartan include:


19 Aug 1943
During 19/20 August 1943, HMS Ceylon (Capt. G.B. Amery-Parkes, RN), HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) and HMS Danae (Capt. J.R.S. Haines, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. These included night exercises. (1)

19 Aug 1943
HMS London (Capt. R.V. Symonds-Tayler, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral L.H.K. Hamilton, CB, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Ceylon (Capt. G.B. Amery-Parkes, RN), HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) and HMS Danae (Capt. J.R.S. Haines, RN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (2)

27 Aug 1943
HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted attack exercises at/off Scapa Flow for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN). (3)

28 Aug 1943
HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN), HMS Hardy (Lt.Cdr. R. Horncastle, RN), HMS Rocket (Lt.Cdr. H.B. Acworth, OBE, RN), HMCS Iroquois (Cdr. J.C. Hibbard DSC, RCN) and USS Isherwood (Cdr. R.E. Gadrow, USN). (4)

31 Aug 1943
HMS Tantivy (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted attack exercises at/off Scapa Flow for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HMS Phoebe (Capt. C.P. Frend, RN) and HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN). (3)

31 Aug 1943
HMS Ceylon (Capt. G.B. Amery-Parkes, RN) conducted towing exercises with HMS Malaya (Capt. G.E.M. O’Donnell, DSO, RN).

Later exercises were carried out with HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN). These included night exercises during the night of 31 August / 1 September. (5)

4 Sep 1943
The battleships HMS Duke of York (Capt. B.B. Schofield, CBE, RN, flying the flag of Admiral B.A. Fraser, KCB, KBE, RN), HMS Anson (Capt. E.D.B. McCarthy, DSO and Bar, RN, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral H.R. Moore, KCB, DSO, CVO, RN), HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. H.G. Norman, CBE, RN) aircraft carrier USS Ranger (Capt. G. Rowe, USN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral O.M. Hustvedt, USN), heavy cruisers HMS London (Capt. R.V. Symonds-Tayler, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN), USS Augusta (Capt. G. Hutchins, USN), USS Tuscaloosa (Capt. J.B.W. Waller, USN), light cruiser HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) and the destroyers HMS Scorpion (Lt.Cdr. W.S. Clouston, RN), HMS Scourge (Lt.Cdr. G.I.M. Balfour, RN), HMS Rocket (Lt.Cdr. H.B. Acworth, OBE, RN), HMS Onslow (Capt. J.A. McCoy, DSO, RN), ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki), HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN), HMCS Iroquois (Cdr. J.C. Hibbard DSC, RCN), USS Corry (T/Cdr. L.B. Ensey, USN), USS Hobson (T/Lt.Cdr. K. Loveland, USN), USS Isherwood (T/Cdr. R.E. Gadrow, USN), USS Bell (T/Cdr. L.C. Petross, USN) conducted large scale tactical exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

7 Sep 1943
In the morning HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with (most likely) HMS Seadog (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN).

These were followed by gunnery exercises off Scapa flow.

in the early afternoon, HMS London (Capt. R.V. Symonds-Tayler, DSC, RN, flying the flag of Rear Admiral A.F.E. Palliser, CB, DSC, RN), conducted torpedo firing exercises at Scapa Flow.

She then too, left Scapa Flow and then HMS London and HMS Spartan conducted rangefinding and inclination exercises. These included night exercises and both cruisers returned to Scapa Flow early the following day. (7)

27 Jan 1944
HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN) and HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) departed Naples to return to the landing zone off Anzio for AA and fire support duties. (8)

Sources

  1. ADM 53/117184
  2. ADM 53/117184 + ADM 53/117305 + ADM 53/117841 + ADM 53/118566
  3. ADM 173/18198
  4. File 2.12.03.6398 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  5. ADM 53/117184 + ADM 53/117185
  6. ADM 199/766 + logbook of USS Augusta for Sep. 1943
  7. ADM 53/117842 + ADM 53/118567
  8. ADM 199/1430

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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