Allied Warships

HMS Calder (K 349)

Frigate of the Captain class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeFrigate
ClassCaptain 
PennantK 349 
Built byBethlehem-Hingham Shipyard Inc. (Hingham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) 
Ordered10 Jan 1942 
Laid down11 Dec 1942 
Launched27 Mar 1943 
Commissioned15 Jul 1943 
End service 
History

Returned to the USN on 19 October 1945.

 
Former nameUSS Formoe DE 58

Commands listed for HMS Calder (K 349)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Arthur Denis White, RNRMar 1943Feb 1944
2T/A/Lt.Cdr. Edward Playne, RNVRFeb 1944late 1945

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Notable events involving Calder include:


4 Nov 1943
HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMS Calder (Lt.Cdr. A.D. White, RD, RNR). (1)

8 Nov 1943
HMS Sirdar (Lt. J.A. Spender, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMS Calder (Lt.Cdr. A.D. White, RD, RNR). (2)

20 Feb 1944
HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Drury (Lt. N.J. Parker, RN) and HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR). (3)

21 Feb 1944
HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. E.H. Chavasse, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Burges (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, DSC, RD, RNR) and HMS Buttercup (T/Lt. R.J. Jonckheere, RNR). (4)

4 May 1944
HMS H 28 (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Pennywort (T/Lt. A.W. James, RNR), HMS Wanderer, HMS Drury (Lt. N.J. Parker, RN), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR) and HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN). (5)

21 Jun 1944

Convoy MKF 32.

This convoy departed Port Said on 21 June 1944 and arrived in U.K. waters on 4 July 1944.

It was made up of the following transport vessels; Antenor (British, 11174 GRT, built 1925), Nieuw Holland (British, 11066 GRT, built 1927), Orduna (British, 15507 GRT, built 1914), Orion (British, 23371 GRT, built 1935), Ormonde (British, 14982 GRT, built 1917), Ranchi (British, 16738 GRT, built 1925), Stratheden (British, 23722 GRT, built 1937) and Strathmore (British, 23428 GRT, built 1935).

On departure from Port Said the convoy was escorted by the escort destroyers HMS Chiddingfold (Lt. T.M. Dorrien-Smith, RN), HMS Croome (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Lawrence, DSC, RNVR), HMS Exmoor (Lt. D.D. Howson, RN), HMS Tetcott (Lt. H.J. Watkins, RN) and HMS Wheatland (Lt. H.A. Corbett, DSC, RN).

Later on 21 June 1944 the damaged light cruiser HMS Birmingham (Capt. H.W. Williams, RN) joined the convoy for passage to Gibraltar. She came from Alexandria together with the netlayer HMS Guardian (Capt.(Retd.) H.A.C. Lane, OBE, RN) which also joined the convoy for passage westwards to Djidjelli, Algeria [now called Jijel].

In the eastern Mediterranean the escort destroyer Quantock was also with the convoy for a while. [Further details currently unkown.]

Around noon on 25 June 1944 convoy SNF 25 coming from Naples merged with the convoy. Convoy SNF 25 had departed Naples on 24 June 1944 and was made up of the transports Hai Lee (Norwegian, 3616 GRT, built 1934), Orontes (British, 20097 GRT, built 1929) and Samaria (British, 19597 GRT, built 1921).

On departure from Naples this convoy was escorted by the escort carrier HMS Attacker (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, DSO, MVO, RAN), frigates HMS Bazely (Lt.Cdr. J.V. Brock, RCNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. E.H. Chavasse, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Byard (A/Lt.Cdr. J.I. Jones, DSO, DSC, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR), HMS Drury (Lt.Cdr. N.J. Parker, RN), HMS Pasley (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Wright, RD, RNR) and the destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davcis (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Goepner, USNR). This last ship served as jammer escort against German radio guided bombs.

The transport Hai Lee proceeded to Bizerta while the other two transports joined convoy MKF 32.

On 26 June, off Djidjelli, HMS Guardian was detached and later off Algiers the transport Champollion (French, 12263 GRT, built 1925) joined the convoy while HMS Attacker was detached.

On 27 June, off Oran the transport Monarch of Bermuda (British, 22424 GRT, built 1931) and the escort carrier HMS Hunter (Capt. H.H. McWilliam, RN) joined the convoy. They were escort from Oran to the rendezvous with convoy MKF 32 by the destroyers USS Knight (T/Cdr. J.C. Ford, Jr., USN) and USS Doran (T/Cdr. N.E. Smith, USN). USS Frederick C. Davis was detached to Mers-el-Kebir.

On 28 June, off Gibraltar the escort carrier HMS Hunter was detached as were the escort destroyers HMS Chiddingfold, HMS Croome, HMS Exmoor, HMS Tetcott and HMS Wheatland.

Also off Gibraltar the transports Felix Roussell (French, 17083 GRT, built 1930) and Tai Shan (Norwegian, 6962 GRT, built 1929) joined the convoy as did the escort carriers HMS Nairana (Capt. R.M.T. Taylor, RN), HMS Ravager (A/Capt. G.V.B. Faulkner, RN) and the AA ship HMCS Prince Robert (Cdr. A.M. Hope, RCN).

The convoy arrived in U.K. waters on 4 July 1944.

24 Aug 1944
HrMs O 10 (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Bazely (A/Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.W. Cooper, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR) and HMS Pasley (Lt. P.G.R. Mitchell, RN). (6)

9 Dec 1944
HMS Vengeful (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMCS Grou (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Dupont, RCNR), HMCS Annan (T/A/Lt.Cdr C.P. Balfry, RCNR), HMS Byard (A/Lt.Cdr. J.I. Jones, DSO, DSC, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR) and HMS Drury (Lt.Cdr. N.J. Parker, RN). (7)

26 Jan 1945
German U-boat U-1051 was sunk in the Irish Sea south of the Isle of Man, in position 53°39'N, 05°23'W, by ramming and depth charges from the British frigates HMS Aylmer (Lt. A.D.P. Campbell, RN), HMS Calder (Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. R.C.S. Garwood, RN) and HMS Manners (A/Cdr. J.V. Waterhouse, DSO, RN).

8 Apr 1945
German U-boat U-774 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 49°58'N, 11°51'W, by depth charges from the British frigates HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR) and HMS Bentinck (A/Lt.Cdr. P.R.G. Worth, RN).

Media links


The Captain Class Frigates in the Second World War

Collingwood, Donald

Sources

  1. ADM 173/18180
  2. ADM 173/18090
  3. File 2.12.03.6372 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  4. ADM 173/18492
  5. ADM 173/18473
  6. File 2.12.03.6385 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  7. ADM 173/19365

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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